This book reviews the evolutionary forces behind sex differences in fear responses and, crucially, delves into the mechanisms through which sexual selection might have driven sex differences in connection with fear. Fear is an evolved mechanism that helps us stay alive, but is also an emotion experienced more intensely, more frequently, and longer in women than in men. This book therefore asks the following question: Why might evolution have made women more motivated than men to avoid danger? It provides an overview of the brain areas underpinning the experience of fear and evaluates the evidence that these areas manifest sex-specific differences in their structure and function. Given its scope, the book will be essential reading for anyone interested in an evolutionary perspective on psychological sex differences.
Chapter 1: Fear, Sex Differences and the ‘Staying Alive’ Hypothesis.- Chapter 2: Components of the Fear System and Real-World Evidence for Sex Differences in Fear.- Chapter 3: Sex Differences in the Subjective Experience of Fear.- Chapter 4: Sex Differences in Strength of Fear Response.- Chapter 5: Sex Differences in Time Course of Fear Response.- Chapter 7: Discussion and Conclusions.- Appendix 1: Experimental Techniques Used in Fear Studies in Relation to Proposed Components.- Appendix 2: Summary of Regions and Circuitry Functionally Implicated in Fear. Appendix 3: Cohen’s D.
Anne Campbell was Professor Emerita in Psychology at Durham University. She gained her doctorate in experimental psychology from Oxford University in 1977. Her principal research focus was the evolutionary psychology of women’s aggression, with a particular emphasis on the role of fear in restraining aggressive behaviour.
Catharine P. Cross is a Lecturer in Psychology at the University of St Andrews, UK. She gained her PhD from Durham University in 2011 and her current work focuses on sex differences in human social behaviour and the contextual factors that modify these.
Lee T. Copping is a Lecturer in Psychology at Teesside University, UK. He gained his PhD from Durham University in 2015 and his current work focuses on sex differences in human behaviour and the measurement and application of life history theory.
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Collana: SpringerBriefs in Anthropology
Dimensioni: 235 x 155 mm Ø 147 gr
Illustration Notes:1 Illustrations, black and white
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