The Quantum Mechanics Solver - Basdevant Jean-Louis; Dalibard Jean | Libro Springer 10/2020 - HOEPLI.it


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basdevant jean-louis; dalibard jean - the quantum mechanics solver

The Quantum Mechanics Solver How to Apply Quantum Theory to Modern Physics

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Dettagli

Genere:Libro
Lingua: Inglese
Editore:

Springer

Pubblicazione: 10/2020
Edizione: 3rd ed. 2019





Sommario

Part I Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms.

1 Matter-wave Interferences with Molecules.

2 Neutron Interferometry.

3 Analysis of a Stern–Gerlach Experiment.

4 Spectroscopic Measurements on a Neutron Beam.

5 Measuring the Electron Magnetic Moment Anomaly.

6 Atomic Clocks.

7 The Spectrum of Positronium.

8 Neutrino Transformations in the Sun.

9 The Hydrogen Atom in Crossed Fields.

10 Energy Loss of Ions in Matter.

Part II Quantum Entanglement and Measurement.

11 The EPR Problem and Bell’s Inequality.

12 Quantum Correlations in a Multi-Particle System.

13 A Non-Destructive Bomb Detector.

14 Direct Observation of Field Quantization.

15 Schrödinger’s Cat.

16 Quantum Cryptography.

17 Ideal Quantum Measurement.

18 The Quantum Eraser.

19 A Quantum Thermometer.

20 Laser Cooling and Trapping.

Part III Complex Systems.

21 Exact Results for the Three-Body Problem.

22 Properties of a Bose–Einstein Condensate.

23 Quantized Vortices.

24 Motion in a Periodic Potential and Bloch Oscillations.

25 Magnetic Excitons.

26 A Quantum Box.

27 Colored Molecular Ions.

28 Hyperfine Structure in Electron Spin Resonance.

29 Probing Matter with Positive Muons.

30 Quantum Reflection of Atoms from a Surface.

Part IV Appendix.

31 Memento of Quantum Mechanics.





Trama

Quantum mechanics is an endless source of new questions and fascinating observations. Examples can be found in fundamental physics and in applied physics, in mathematical questions as well as in the currently popular debates ontheinterpretationofquantummechanicsanditsphilosophicalimplications. Teaching quantum mechanics relies mostly on theoretical courses, which are illustrated by simple exercises often of a mathematical character. Red- ing quantum physics to this type of problem is somewhat frustrating since very few, if any, experimental quantities are available to compare the results with. For a long time, however, from the 1950s to the 1970s, the only alter- tive to these basic exercises seemed to be restricted to questions originating from atomic and nuclear physics, which were transformed into exactly soluble problems and related to known higher transcendental functions. In the past ten or twenty years, things have changed radically. The dev- opment of high technologies is a good example. The one-dimensional squa- well potential used to be a rather academic exercise for beginners. The em- gence of quantum dots and quantum wells in semiconductor technologies has changed things radically. Optronics and the associated developments in inf- redsemiconductorandlasertechnologieshaveconsiderablyelevatedthesocial rank of the square-well model. As a consequence, more and more emphasis is given to the physical aspects of the phenomena rather than to analytical or computational considerations.




Autore

Professor Jean-Louis Basdevant is a High energy physicist, author of physics textbooks and science history books.  A former student of Ecole Normale Supérieure, he was from 1975 to 2005 professor of physics at the Ecole Polytechnique, where he taught quantum physics to generations of students, and also chaired the physics department. In research, his work focused on the three-body problem in quantum mechanics, elementary particles, quantum field theory and astrophysics.

Professor Jean Dalibard is a professor at Collège de France and a member of the Laboratoire Kastler Brossel. He was a professor at Ecole Polytechnique from 1989 to 2015, and taught quantum physics, statistical physics and quantum optics. His current research is devoted to the properties of ultracold quantum matter, like Bose-Einstein condensates and superfluids. He is a member of the French Academy of Sciences.









Altre Informazioni

ISBN:

9783030137267

Condizione: Nuovo
Dimensioni: 235 x 155 mm Ø 563 gr
Formato: Brossura
Pagine Arabe: 352
Pagine Romane: xiii






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