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israel jonathan i. - radical enlightenment

Radical Enlightenment Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750




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Genere:Libro
Lingua: Inglese
Pubblicazione: 07/2002





Trama

In the wake of the Scientific Revolution, the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries saw the complete demolition of traditional structures of authority, scientific thought, and belief by the new philosophy and the philosophers, including Voltaire, Diderot, and Rousseau. The Radical
Enlightenment played a part in this revolutionary process, which effectively overthrew all justification for monarchy, aristocracy, and ecclesiastical power, as well as man's dominance over woman, theological dominance of education, and slavery. Despite the present day interest in the revolutions of
the eighteenth century, the origins and rise of the Radical Enlightenment have received limited scholarly attention. The greatest obstacle to the movement finding its proper place in modern historical writing is its international scope: the Racial Enlightenment was not French, British, German,
Italian, Jewish or Dutch, but all of these at the same time.
In this wide-ranging volume, Jonathan Israel offers a novel interpretation of the Radical Enlightenment down to La Mettie and Diderot, two of its key exponents. Particular emphasis is placed on the pivotal role of Spinoza and the widespread underground international philosophical movement known
before 1750 as Spinozism.




Note Editore

Arguably the most decisive shift in the history of ideas in modern times was the complete demolition during the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries - in the wake of the Scientific Revolution - of traditional structures of authority, scientific thought, and belief, by the new philosophy and the philosophies, culminating in Voltaire, Diderot, and Rousseau. In this revolutionary process which effectively overthrew all justification for monarchy, aristocracy, slavery, and ecclesiastical authority, as well as man's asendancy over woman and theology's domination over education and study, substituting the modern principles of equality, democracy, and universality, the Radical Enlightenment played a crucially important part. Despite the present-day interest in the revolutions of the late eighteenth century, the origins and rise of the Radical Enlightenment have been astonishingly little studied, doubtless largely because if its very wide international sweep and the obvious difficulties of fitting it into the restrictive conventions of 'national history' which until recently tended to dominate all historiography. The greatest obstacle to the Radical Enlightenment finding its proper place in modern historical writing is simply that it was not French, British, German, Italian, Jewish or Dutch, but all of these at the same time. In this novel interpretation of the Radical Enlightenment down to La Mettrie and Diderot, two of its key exponents, particular stress is placed on the pivotal role of Spinoza and the widespread underground international philosophical movement known before 1750 as Spinozism.




Sommario

1 - Introduction
2 - Government and Philosophy
3 - Society, Institutions, Revolution
4 - Women, Philosophy, and Sexuality
5 - Censorship and Culture
6 - Libraries and Enlightenment
7 - The Learned Journals
8 - Spinoza
9 - Van den Enden: Philosophy, Democracy, and Egalitarianism
10 - Radicalism and the People: The Brothers Koerbagh
11 - Philosophy, the Interpreter of Scripture
12 - Miracles Denied
13 - Spinoza's System
14 - Spinoza, Science, and the Scientists
15 - Philosophy, Politics, and the Liberation of Man
16 - Publishing a Banned Philosophy
17 - The Spread of a Forbidden Movement
18 - Bayle and the 'Virtuous Atheist'
19 - The Bredenburg Disputes
20 - Fontenelle and the War of the Oracles
21 - The Death of the Devil
22 - Leenhof and the 'Universal Philosophical Religion'
23 - The 'Nature of God' Controversy
24 - New Theological Strategies
25 - The Collapse of Cartesianism
26 - Leibniz and the Radical Enlightenment
27 - Anglomania: The 'Triumph' of Newton and Locke
28 - The Intellectual Drama in Spain and Portugal
29 - Germany and the Baltic: 'The 'War of the Philosophers'
30 - Boulainvilliers and the Rise of French
31 - French Refugee Deists in Exile
32 - The Spinozistic Novel in French
33 - English Deism and Europe
34 - Germany: The Radical Aufklaerung
35 - The Radical Impact in Italy
36 - The Clandestine Philosophical Manuscripts
37 - From La Mettrie to Diderot
38 - Epilogue: Rousseau, Radicalism, Revolution










Altre Informazioni

ISBN:

9780199254569

Condizione: Nuovo
Dimensioni: 233 x 44.0 x 156 mm Ø 1234 gr
Formato: Brossura
Illustration Notes:16pp halftone plates and 1 map
Pagine Arabe: 866


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