Prolegomena To A Critical Grammar - Schächter Josef; Mcguinness B.F. (Curatore) | Libro Springer 12/1973 -

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schächter josef; mcguinness b.f. (curatore) - prolegomena to a critical grammar

Prolegomena to a Critical Grammar


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Lingua: Inglese


Pubblicazione: 12/1973
Edizione: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1973


This book is the first English version of Prolegomena zu einer kritischen Grammatik, published by Julius Springer, Vienna, 1935, as Volume 10 of the Vienna Circle's series Schriften zur wissenschaftlichen Weltauffassung. The prefatory remarks of both editor and author acknowledge the influence ofWittgenstein in a general way. However, in aim and approach, the work differs from Wittgenstein's Philosophische Grammatik (l969). This is indeed based on material going back to 1932, some of which Schachter must have known. On the other hand, the present Prolegomena not only explains the general, philosophical principles to be followed, but in the light of these proceeds to cover the entire range of conventional grammar, showing where that is uncritical. Whether Wittgenstein in his turn knew of Schachter's work has never been explored. Schachter's object is universal grammar. As is natural, the examples in the original are largely drawn from German grammar, with occasional minor excursions into other languages. For English readers, what matters are the general problems of grammar: there is no point in tying these to the linguistic peculiarities of German, let alone a local variety of it. One who can grasp German at that level might as well read the original. The translation is therefore twofold: the text as a whole has been rendered into English, and the entire apparatus of examples has been replaced, as far as this can be done, by illustrations from English grammar, chosen so as to bring out the same kinds of problem as in the original.


One The Nature of Logic.- of Part One.- I. Signs and Language.- 1. Use and Meaning of Signs.- 2. Laying down Conventions of Use.- 3. ‘Arbitrary’ Convention.- 4. Symbol — Symptom, Two Aspects.- 5. Words as Signs.- 6. Word and Sentence (Sign and Expression).- 7. Language and System of Signs.- 8. The Vagueness of Words in Language.- 9. The Meaning of Words in Science.- II. Concerning the formal.- III. Logic and grammar.- 1. Grammar of Material — Grammar of Meaning.- 2. Essential and Unessential Rules in Grammar.- 3. Grammatically and Logically Unobjectionable Sentences.- 4. The Motive for Introducing Grammatical Distinctions.- 5. Greater or Smaller Repertoire of Linguistic Forms.- 6. The Pre-Grammatical Stage of Language.- IV. Logic and Psychology.- 1. Psychologism.- 2. On the Refutation of Psychologism.- 3. Psychologistic Interpretation of Words.- Two On the Grammar of Words, Sentences, and Combinations of Sentences.- of Part Two.- I. General remarks.- 1. The Diversity of Words.- 2. On Definition.- 3. Parts of Speech and Substitution.- 4. One Meaning, or Many?.- 5. Examples of Logical Vetoes.- 6. The So-called Highest Laws of Logic.- 7. One Logic or Many?.- 8. About the So-called Perfect Language.- 9. Truth.- 10. Concept and Sentence, Sense and Meaning.- 11. Fragmentary Sentences.- 12. On Stress.- 13. Metaphor.- 14. Hyperbole.- 15. Dialect and Common Language.- 16. Punctuation.- 17. Titles.- 18. Notes on the Rules of Rhetoric and Poetry.- II. Kinds of Words.- 1. Proper Names and General Names.- 2. Examples of Names Made More Specific and Precise.- 3. Definite and Indefinite Article.- 4. The Genitive Case (Declension).- 5. Fabulous Creatures and Imaginary Concepts.- 6. Subject and Substantive.- 7. The Adjective.- 8. Predicative and Attributive Form of the Adjective.- 9. Vague and Metrie Systems.- 10. Examples of Displaceable Systems.- 11. Examples of Indefinite Signs.- 12. Pronouns.- 13. Some Remarks on Number Words.- 14. The Verb.- 15. The Various Kinds of Verb.- 16. Adverbs.- III. Kinds of Sentence.- 1. Examples of Sentences of Various Kinds.- 2. Subjunctive Sentences.- 3. Causal Sentences.- 4. Notes on End, Cause, Ground, and Motive.- 5. Interrogative Sentences.- 6. Doubt.- 7. Commands.- 8. Wishes.- 9. Advice.- 10. Negative Sentences.- 11. Existential Sentences.- 12. Relations.- 13. Predication (The Grammar of the Copula).- 14. Hints for Analysing Sentences.- IV. Combinations of Sentences.- 1. Combinations of Various Kinds.- 2. Logical Particles.- 3. Tautology, Rule, and Analytic Sentence.- 4. Examples of Deduction. (Theory of Inference).- 5. Simple and Complex Sentences.- 6. Hints for Analysing Connected Sentences.- 7. Types of Sentence Combinations.

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Condizione: Nuovo
Collana: Vienna Circle Collection
Dimensioni: 235 x 155 mm Ø 330 gr
Formato: Brossura
Pagine Arabe: 166
Pagine Romane: xxii

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