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Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy, Second Edition, covers the basic principles and latest developments in instrumentation and applications of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS). Written by active experts in the field, it serves as a useful resource for analytical chemists and spectroscopists, as well as graduate students and researchers engaged in the fields of combustion, environmental science, and planetary and space exploration. This fully revised second edition includes several new chapters on new LIBS techniques as well as several new applications, including flame and off-gas measurement, pharmaceutical samples, defense applications, carbon sequestration and site monitoring, handheld instruments, and more.
LIBS has rapidly developed into a major analytical technology with the capability of detecting all chemical elements in a sample, of real- time response, and of close-contact or stand-off analysis of targets. It does not require any sample preparation, unlike conventional spectroscopic analytical techniques. Samples in the form of solids, liquids, gels, gases, plasmas, and biological materials (like teeth, leaves, or blood) can be studied with almost equal ease. This comprehensive reference introduces the topic to readers in a simple, direct, and accessible manner for easy comprehension and maximum utility.
I: BASIC PHYSICS AND INSTRUMENTATION 1. Fundamentals of LIBS and recent developments 2. Atomic emission spectroscopy 3. Laser ablation 4. Physics and dynamics of plasma in LIBS 5. Instrumentation for LIBS and recent advances
II: NEW LIBS TECHNIQUES 6. Ultrafast and filament-LIBS 7. Molecular LIBS
III: LIBS APPLICATIONS 8. Combustion applications of LIBS 9. LIBS application to liquid samples 10. LIBS application to powder samples 11. LIBS of slurry samples 12. Defense applications 13. Applications of LIBS in drug analysis 14. LIBS imaging applications 15. Food science applications 16. LIBS study of geological samples coupled with chemometric methods 17. Study of the different parts of a tokamak using LIBS 18. High-energy materials applications 19. Industrial applications 20. LIBS in planetary science 21. Coal analysis 22. LIBS for aerosol analysis 23. Field-portable and handheld LIBS 24. Self-calibrated methods for LIBS quantitative analysis 25. Scope of future development in LIBS