This interdisciplinary volume aimed at graduate students and researchers provides a thorough grounding in the tools necessary for an appreciation of climate change and its implications. It discusses not only the primary concepts involved but also the mathematical, physical, chemical and biological basis for the component models and the sources of uncertainty, the assumptions made and the approximations introduced. Climate System Modeling addresses all aspects of the climate system: the atmosphere and the oceans, the cryosphere, terrestrial ecosystems and the biosphere, land surface processes and global biogeochemical cycles. As a comprehensive text it will appeal to students and researchers concerned with any aspect of climatology and the study of related topics in the broad earth and environmental sciences.
Part I. Introduction: 1. Introduction to climate modeling; 2. Human components of the climate system; Part II. The Science: Subsystems and Processes: 3. The atmosphere; 4. The ocean circulation; 5. Land surface; 6. Terrestrial ecosystems; 7. Atmospheric chemistry; 8. Marine biogeochemistry; Part III. Modeling and Parameterization: 9. Climate system simulation: basic numerical and computational concepts; 10. Atmospheric general circulation modeling; 11. Ocean general circulation modeling; 12. Sea ice models; 13. Land, ice and climate; 14. Biophysical models of land surface processes; 15. Chemistry transport methods; 16. Biogeochemical ocean models; Part IV. Couplings and Interactions: 17. Global coupled models: atmosphere, ocean, sea ice; 18. Tropical Pacific ENSO models: ENSO as a mode of the coupled system; Part V. Sensitivity Experiments and Applications: 19. Climate variability simulated in GCMs; 20. Climate-model responses to increased CO2 and other greenhouse gases; 21. Modeling large climatic changes of the past; 22. Changes in land use; Part VI. Future Prospects: 23. Climate system modeling prospects.
Climate Systems Modeling presents an interdisciplinary and comprehensive study of the dynamics of the whole global system. As a comprehensive text it will appeal to students and researchers concerned with any aspect of climatology and the study of related topics in the broad earth and environmental sciences.
Dimensioni: 246 x 41 x 189 mm
Pagine Arabe: 820