This book provides the first comprehensive overview of the most important water-related issues that centre on Italy, analysed from several disciplinary perspectives – such as hydrology, economics, law, sociology, environmental sciences and policy studies – in order to promote full understanding of the challenges the country is facing and the ways it could best tackle them.
Despite the misconception that Italy is a water-scarce country, is in fact quite rich in water resources. Such resources, however, are unevenly distributed over the Italian territory. Italy’s northern regions rely on quite an abundant quantity of freshwater, whereas in the southern area water endowment is limited. Moreover, climatic differences between North and South contribute to widen the divide. This disparity has notable consequences of socio-economic character, some of which, in turn, feed back into the environmental conditions of Italian regions: pollution, floods, landslides and droughts are among the problems affecting the country. There are numerous features of water use and consumption that distinguish Italy from other comparable countries, such as the significant role played by agriculture (a water-intensive activity), a lead position in the consumption of bottled water, lower-than-average prices of water and a far-from-optimal efficiency of waterworks. All such aspects, and many others, make Italy an essential case study.
Chapter 1. Introduction (Paolo Turrini et al.).- Part 1. Water Resources and Their Use and Management in Italy .- Chapter 2. Water Resources of Italy (Marcello Benedini, Giuseppe Rossi).- Chapter 3. Coping with Floods in Italy: Learning from the Past to Plan Future Adaptation (Renzo Rosso).- Chapter 4. The Uses and Value of Water in Italy: Evidence from Selected Case Studies in Italy, with a Particular Focus on Irrigation, Industry and Hydropower (Giulia Vaglietti et al.).- Chapter 5. Testing the Waters: A Sociological Analysis of Domestic Water Use and Consumption (Filippo Oncini, Francesca Forno).- Chapter 6. Water Resources Management in Italy: Institutions, Laws and Approaches (Emanuele Boscolo).- Part 2. Water Management and Environmental Concerns.- Chapter 7. Water-Dependent Ecosystems in Italy (Riccardo Santolini et al.).- Chapter 8. Water Quality Control Policies and the Criminalisation of Pollution (Giovanni De Santis, Matteo Fermeglia).- Chapter 9. Managing Water Scarcity and Droughts: The Po Experience (Antonio Massarutto, Dario Musolino).- Chapter 10. The Management of International River Basins: The Case of Transboundary Water Cooperation Between Italy and Its Neighbours (Mara Tignino, Benedetta Gambatesa).- Chapter 11. The Italian Virtual Water Trade and Water Footprint of Agricultural Production: Trends and Perspectives (Stefania Tamea et al.).- Part. 3. The Provision of Water and Sanitation Services.- Chapter 12. The Human Right to Water in Italy’s Foreign Policy and Domestic Law (Paolo Turrini, Marco Pertile).- Chapter 13. The Permanent (De-) Institutionalisation of Multi-Level Governance of Water Services in Italy (Giulio Citroni, Andrea Lippi).- Chapter 14. The Integrated Water Service in the Italian Legal System Between Solidarity and Competition: An Overview (Vera Parisio).- Chapter 15. The Evolution of the Italian Water and Wastewater Industry in the Period 1994–2018 (Donato Berardi et al.).- Part 4. The Implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive and the EU Floods Directive.- Chapter 16. Water Governance in Italy: From Fragmentation to Coherence Through Coordination Attempts (Mariachiara Alberton).- Chapter 17. A Practitioners’ View on the Application of the Water Framework Directive and the Floods Directive in Italy (Marta Martinengo et al.).- Chapter 18. Economic Regulation, Water Pricing, and Environmental and Resource Costs: The Difficult Marriage Between Financial Sustainability, Investment Requirements and Economic Efficiency (Antonio Massarutto).- Chapter 19. .Environmental and Resource Costs Assessment and the Case for Reforming the Italian System of Water Abstraction Charges (Vito Frontuto et al.).- Chapter 20. Public Participation in the Implementation in Italy of the Water-Related Directives (Elena Fasoli et al.).- Part 5. Conclusion: A View on Italy from Within and from the Outside.- Chapter 21. A View from the Outside: What Italy Can Learn and Teach in the Field of Water Policy.- Chapter 22. A View from Within: Concluding Remarks.