Water In Biomechanical And Related Systems - Gadomski Adam (Curatore) | Libro Springer 04/2021 - HOEPLI.it


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gadomski adam (curatore) - water in biomechanical and related systems

Water in Biomechanical and Related Systems




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Genere:Libro
Lingua: Inglese
Editore:

Springer

Pubblicazione: 04/2021
Edizione: 1st ed. 2021





Trama


The contributed volume puts emphasis on a superior role of water in (bio)systems exposed to a mechanical stimulus. It is well known that water plays an extraordinary role in our life. It feeds mammalian or other organism after distributing over its whole volume to support certain physiological and locomotive (friction-adhesion) processes to mention but two of them, both of extreme relevance.

Water content, not only in the mammalian organism but also in other biosystems such as whether those of soil which is equipped with microbiome or the ones pertinent to plants, having their own natural network of water vessels, is always subjected to a force field.
The decisive force field applied to the biosystems makes them biomechanically agitated irrespective of whether they are subjected to external or internal force-field conditions. It ought to be noted that the decisive mechanical factor shows up in a close relation with the space-and-time scale in which it is causing certain specific phenomena to occur.
The scale problem, emphasizing the range of action of gravitational force, thus the millimeter or bigger force vs. distance scale, is supposed to enter the so-called macroscale approach to water transportation through soil or plants’ roots system. It is merely related to a percolation problem, which assumes to properly inspect the random network architecture assigned to the biosystems invoked. The capillarity conditions turn out to be of prior importance, and the porous-medium effect has to be treated, and solved in a fairly approximate way.
The deeper the scale is penetrated by a force-exerting and hydrated agent the more non-gravitational force fields manifest. This can be envisaged in terms of the corresponding thermodynamic (non-Newtonian) forces, and the phenomena of interest are mostly attributed to suitable changes of the osmotic pressure. In low Reynolds number conditions, thus in the (sub)micrometer distance-scale zone, they are related with the corresponding viscosity changes of the aqueous, e.g. cytoplasmatic solutions, of semi-diluted and concentrated (but also electrolytic) characteristics. For example, they can be observed in articulating systems of mammals, in their skin, and to some extent, in other living beings, such as lizards, geckos or even insects. Through their articulating devices an external mechanical stimulus is transmitted from macro- to nanoscale, wherein the corresponding osmotic-pressure conditions apply.

The content of the proposed work can be distributed twofold. First, the biomechanical mammalian-type (or, similar) systems with extraordinary relevance of water for their functioning will be presented, also including a presentation of water itself as a key physicochemical system/medium. Second, the suitably chosen related systems, mainly of soil and plant addressing provenience, will be examined thoroughly. As a common denominator of all of them, it is proposed to look at their hydrophobic and/or (de)hydration effects, and how do they impact on their basic mechanical (and related, such as chemo-mechanical or piezoelectric, etc.) properties. An additional tacit assumption employed throughout the monograph concerns statistical scalability of the presented biosystems which is equivalent to take for granted a certain similarity between local and global system’s properties, mostly those of mechanical nature. The presented work’s chapters also focus on biodiversity and ecological aspects in the world of animals and plants, and the related systems. The chapters’ contents underscore the bioinspiration as the key landmark of the proposed monograph.





Sommario

Preface Adam Gadomski, UTP University of Science and Technology in Bydgoszcz; agad@utp.edu.pl

 

Introduction Adam Gadomski; UTP University of Science and Technology in Bydgoszcz; agad@utp.edu.pl

 

Chapter 1 Basics on the water and its states

Arieh Ben-Naim, University of Jerusalem; ariehbennaim@gmail.com  

 

Chapter 2 Superior role of amphiphiles in friction-lubrication articulating systems

Piotr Beldowski and coworkers, UTP University of Science and Technology in Bydgoszcz; piobel000@utp.edu.pl  

 

Chapter 3 Synergies in lubricating biosystems

Andra Dedinaite and Per Claesson, KTH Stockholm; andra@kth.se  

 

Chapter 4  Water-based tribology of soft materials with percolating contact areas at nanometer scale

Bo Persson and coworkers, FZ Jülich, b.persson@fz-juelich.de  

 

Chapter 5 Coarse-grained and all-atom computer modeling for self-assembled amphiphiles of viscoelastic propensity

Natalia Kruszewska and Jacek Siódmiak, UTP University of Science and Technology in Bydgoszcz; nkruszewska@utp.edu.pl  

 

Chapter 6 Networks and gels as revealed by SAXS experiment and computer simulations

Matija Tomsic and coworkers, University of Ljubljana; Matija.Tomsic@fkkt.uni-lj.si  

 

Chapter 7 Properties of hydrated materials as exemplified by silk supercontraction with its molecular origin

Admir Masic and coworkers, MIT Boston, masic@mit.edu

 

Chapter 8 Examples of functional morphologies with promising biomechanical properties

Stanislav Gorb and coworkers, University of Kiel; sgorb@zoologie.uni-kiel.de

 

Chapter 9 Water percolation phenomena on microstructured surfaces and adhesive pads

Alexander Filippov, Donetsk Institute for Physics and Engineering, Ukraine; filippov_ae@yahoo.com  

 

Chapter 10 On the properties of skin in a (de)hydrated stage

Michal Zmijewski, GUMED Gdansk; michal.zmijewski@gumed.edu.pl  

 

Chapter 11 Plants partly devoid of water, and their characteristics

Stan Flasinski, BAYER US; stanislaw.flasinski@bayer.com, flasinskis@gmail.com

 

Chapter 12 On the percolation properties of soils, a case study

Karoly Bodnar and coworkers, Szarvas University; bodnar.karoly.lajos@gk.szie.hu

 

Chapter 13 A study on contaminated groundwater and its natural filtration

Beata Gorczyca, University of Manitoba; beata.gorczyca@umanitoba.ca

 

Chapter 14 Mushrooms containing reservoirs fed by certain (un)controllable amounts of water

Roman Rolbiecki and coworkers, UTP University of Science and Technology in Bydgoszcz ; roman.rolbiecki@utp.edu.pl




Autore

Adam Gadomski (born in 1959, in Katowice, Poland), a full professor of physics at the UTP University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland, leads a group of researchers focused on the modeling of physicochemical and biophysical processes. He specializes in statistical soft-condensed matter physics, and works in computational physics and physical computation problems, with an emphasis placed on biomaterials with a structure–property and function relationship. He is an editor for three open access journals: Frontiers-Computational Physics, Entropy and an associate editor for Frontiers in Mechanical Engineering. He is also an editor to numerous special issues publlished in Physica A, Biosystems (two times), Entropy, Molecules, etc. He published about 150 papers, mainly in reviewed international journals, and (co)authored chapters to the books and papers to journal proceedings. 







Altre Informazioni

ISBN:

9783030672263

Condizione: Nuovo
Collana: Biologically-Inspired Systems
Dimensioni: 235 x 155 mm Ø 682 gr
Formato: Copertina rigida
Illustration Notes:43 Illustrations, black and white
Pagine Arabe: 334
Pagine Romane: viii






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