Using Priming Methods In Second Language Research - Mcdonough Kim; Trofimovich Pavel | Libro Routledge 10/2008 - HOEPLI.it


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Using Priming Methods in Second Language Research

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Dettagli

Genere:Libro
Lingua: Inglese
Editore:

Routledge

Pubblicazione: 10/2008
Edizione: 1° edizione





Note Editore

Using Priming Methods in Second Language Research is an accessible introduction to the use of auditory, semantic, and syntactic priming methods for second language (L2) processing and acquisition research. It provides a guide for the use, design, and implementation of priming tasks and an overview of how to analyze and report priming research. Key principles about auditory, semantic, and syntactic priming are introduced, and issues for L2 researchers to consider when designing priming studies are pointed out. Empirical studies that have adopted priming methods are highlighted to illustrate the application of experimental techniques from psychology to L2 processing and acquisition research. Each chapter concludes with follow-up questions and activities that provide additional reinforcement of the chapter content, while the final chapter includes data sets that can be used to practice the statistical tests commonly used with priming data.




Sommario

Preface

1. Introduction to Priming Methods

What is priming?

Is priming research ecologically valid?

What topics can be explored using priming methods?

Models of speech production

Models of speech comprehension

Convergence in dialogue

Linguistic knowledge

Incidental learning

Skill acquisition

Neuropsychology of language learning and use

Representative L2 priming studies

Summary

Follow-up questions and activities

2. Auditory Priming

What is auditory priming?

Auditory priming in L1 processing and acquisition

Examples of auditory priming

Properties of auditory priming

Relevance of auditory priming to L2 processing and learning

Questions addressed in L2 auditory priming research

Auditory priming with L2 speakers

Task effects

Sensitivity to L2 speech features

Tasks used in auditory priming research

Logic of auditory priming experiments

Word stem/fragment completion task

Identification task

Repetition (naming) task

Sample L2 auditory priming study

Issues to consider in auditory priming research

Selecting an appropriate task

Counterbalancing of task materials

Equal baseline performance

Matching test materials

Additional uses of auditory priming methods

Summary

Follow up questions and activities

3. Semantic Priming

What is semantic priming?

Semantic priming in L1 processing and acquisition

Examples of semantic priming

Properties of semantic priming

Relevance of semantic priming to L2 processing and learning

Questions addressed in L2 semantic priming research

Semantic priming in a speaker’s L1 and L2

Semantic priming in monolinguals versus bilinguals and L2 learners

Organization of L1-L2 lexicons

Tasks used in semantic priming research

Logic of semantic priming experiments

Lexical decision task

Pronunciation (naming) task

Semantic categorization task

Sample L2 semantic priming study

Issues to consider in semantic priming research

Selecting an appropriate task

Selecting materials

Matching task materials

Nonwords and their properties

Presentation format

Additional uses of semantic priming methods

Summary

Follow-up questions and activities

4. Syntactic Priming

What is syntactic priming?

Syntactic priming in L1 processing and acquisition

Topics explored in syntactic priming research

Properties of syntactic priming

Relevance of syntactic priming to L2 processing and learning

Questions addressed in L2 syntactic priming research

Sample L2 syntactic priming study

Tasks used in syntactic priming research

Logic of syntactic priming experiments

Picture description

Sentence recall

Sentence completion

Scripted interaction

Issues to consider in syntactic priming research

Selecting an appropriate task

Creating materials

Calculating responses

Reliability and validity

Additional uses of syntactic priming methods

Summary

Follow-up questions and activities

5. Analyzing and Reporting Priming Data

Preliminary considerations in priming research

Variable types

Experimental designs

By-subject and by-item analyses

Transforming data

Hypotheses

Describing group performance

Making inferences about populations

Statistical tests used in priming research

Simple ANOVA

Factorial ANOVA

Repeated measures ANOVA

Linear mixed model

Publishing priming research

Purpose of the study

Target audience

Applied linguistics and psychology journals

Summary

Follow up questions and activities

Appendix

Software programs used in priming research

References





Autore

Kim McDonough is an Associate Professorin Applied Linguistics at Northern Arizona University. Her research interests include second language acquisition and task-based language teaching. Pavel Trofimovich is anAssociate Professor in the Applied Linguistics Program at Concordia University. His research interests include psycholinguistic aspects of second-language/bilingual processing and learning, the use of technology in second-language teaching, and the development of materials for classroom teaching of second-language pronunciation.







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Altre Informazioni

ISBN:

9780415999830

Condizione: Nuovo
Collana: Second Language Acquisition Research Series
Dimensioni: 9 x 6 in Ø 1.00 lb
Formato: Copertina rigida
Illustration Notes:33 tables
Pagine Arabe: 240






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