As scholars attempt to understand the global politics of the post-Cold War system, they must attend not only to changing structures of global order, but to the changing patterns of international, transnational, and domestic behaviour. Patterns of conflict have not been immune to the transformations involved in the crossing of historical systems. Thus, a study of conflict needs to focus on the investigation of conflict processes that cut across levels of analysis. The Understanding and Management of Global Violence approaches social conflict through the study of protracted conflict. As developed by Edward Azar, 'protracted conflict' is long-term, ongoing conflict which permeates all aspects of society. It is explicitly linked to two-level analyses, the analysis of crisis, the nature of identity groups, and enduring rivalries. These essays bring new thinking to the notion of protracted conflict, focusing on Israel, the Palestinians, and Lebanon, the Philippines and Nicaragua, Sri Lanka, India and Pakistan, and Northern Ireland.
Introduction: A Protracted Conflict Approach to the Study of Social Conflict; H. Starr PART I: THEORETICAL CONSIDERATIONS Protracted International Conflicts: Ten Propositions; E.E. Azar Conceptualizing Protracted Conflict and Protracted Conflict Management; G. Friedman Conceptualizing and Identifying Crisis in Protracted Social Conflict; G.D. Thomas Who Participates in Protracted Conflicts and Why? Rediscovering the Group and its Needs; S.Peg PART II: EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION Forecasting Violent Episodes in the Protracted Conflict in Southern Lebanon; P.A. Schrodt Protracted Conflict, Intervention, and Revolution: Case Studies of Nicaragua and the Philippines; M.V. Simon Yielding Ground: Loss and Conflict Escalation in Sri Lankan Protracted Conflict; M.Kuchinsky Protracted Conflict and Enduring Rivalry: Indian, Pakistan and the Dynamics of Stalemate Over Kashmir; S.Sharm Index
HARVEY STARR is Dag Hammarskjold Professor in International Affairs at the University of South Carolina.