This book presents a study of street children’s involvement as workers in Bangladeshi organised crime groups based on a three-year ethnographic study in Dhaka. The book argues that ‘mastaans’ are Bangladeshi mafia groups that operate in a market for crime, violence and social protection. It considers the crimes mastaans commit, the ways they divide labour, and how and why street children become involved in these groups. The book explores how street children are hired by ‘mastaans’, to carry weapons, sell drugs, collect extortion money, commit political violence and conduct contract killings. The book argues that these young people are neither victims nor offenders; they are instead ‘illicit child labourers’, doing what they can to survive on the streets. This book adds to the emerging fields of the sociology of crime and deviance in South Asia and ‘Southern criminology’.
3. Theorising Organised Crime, Gangs and Street Children’s Agency
4. The Bangladesh Mafia’: Mastaans and the Market for Social Protection
5. ‘Illicit Child Labourers’: Exploring Street Children’s Involvement in Organised Crime
6. Street Children and ‘Protective Agency’
7. ‘Illicit Labour’ and Children’s Culpability: Implications for Penology and Criminal Justice Responses
8. Implications for Research, Policy and Practice
Sally Atkinson-Sheppard is a criminologist and strategist from the UK. She was awarded her PhD from King’s College London in 2015 following the completion of the ethnographic study discussed in this book. Sally began her career as a researcher for the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) in London, where she represented the MPS in a collaborative study with the British Prison Service which explored the psychology of gang related violence. She went on to advise for a variety of criminal justice reform projects in Bangladesh, including leading the Bangladesh Prison Directorate and the Bangladesh Anti-Corruption Commission through the development of their first strategic plans. Sally has recently returned to the UK after living and working in Beijing where she led the first study into migrant children’s involvement in gangs and organised crime in China.
Collana: Palgrave Advances in Criminology and Criminal Justice in Asia
Dimensioni: 210 x 148 mm Ø 288 gr
Illustration Notes:3 Illustrations, black and white
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