The Biodemography Of Subsistence Farming - Wood James W. | Libro Cambridge University Press 04/2020 -

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wood james w. - the biodemography of subsistence farming

The Biodemography of Subsistence Farming Population, Food and Family

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Lingua: Inglese
Pubblicazione: 04/2020

Note Editore

Viewing the subsistence farm as primarily a 'demographic enterprise' to create and support a family, this book offers an integrated view of the demography and ecology of preindustrial farming. Taking an interdisciplinary perspective, it examines how traditional farming practices interact with demographic processes such as childbearing, death, and family formation. It includes topics such as household nutrition, physiological work capacity, health and resistance to infectious diseases, as well as reproductive performance and mortality. The book argues that the farming household is the most informative scale at which to study the biodemography and physiological ecology of preindustrial, non-commercial agriculture. It offers a balanced appraisal of the farming system, considering its strengths and limitations, as well as the implications of viewing it as a 'demographic enterprise' rather than an economic one. A valuable resource for graduate students and researchers in biological and physical anthropology, cultural anthropology, natural resource management, agriculture and ecology.


Part I. Introductory Concepts: 1. Thinking about population and traditional farmers; 2. Farmers, farms and farming resources; 3. Limits; Part II. Macro-Demographic Approaches to Population and Subsistence Farming: 4. A modicum of demography; 5. Malthus and Boserup; 6. The intensification debate after Boserup; Part III. Micro-Demographic Approaches to Population and Subsistence Farming: 7. The farming household as a fundamental unit of analysis; 8. Under-nutrition and the household demographic enterprise; 9. The nature of traditional farm work and the household labor force; 10. The economics of the household demographic life cycle; 11. Seasonality and the household demographic enterprise; 12. Beyond the household; Appendix. A bibliographic essay on subsistence farming; References; Index.


James W. Wood is Emeritus Professor of Anthropology and Demography at Pennsylvania State University and a Senior Scientist in Penn State's Graduate Program on Human Dimensions of Natural Resources and the Environment, USA. His previous book, The Dynamics of Human Reproduction: Biology, Biometry, Demography (1994) won the 1995 W. W. Howells Prize for best book in biological anthropology awarded by the American Anthropological Association. He conducted several years' worth of fieldwork on the demography and ecology of subsistence farming in highland New Guinea and in the northern Orkney Islands of Scotland, and retired in 2017.

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Altre Informazioni



Condizione: Nuovo
Collana: Cambridge Studies in Biological and Evolutionary Anthropology
Dimensioni: 252 x 27 x 180 mm Ø 1150 gr
Formato: Copertina rigida
Illustration Notes:214 b/w illus. 85 tables
Pagine Arabe: 512

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