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siegwolf rolf t. w. (curatore); brooks j. renée (curatore); roden john (curatore); saurer matthias (curatore) - stable isotopes in tree rings

Stable Isotopes in Tree Rings Inferring Physiological, Climatic and Environmental Responses

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Dettagli

Genere:Libro
Lingua: Inglese
Editore:

Springer

Pubblicazione: 06/2022
Edizione: 1st ed. 2022





Trama

This Open Access volume highlights how tree ring stable isotopes have been used to address a range of environmental issues from paleoclimatology to forest management, and anthropogenic impacts on forest growth. It will further evaluate weaknesses and strengths of isotope applications in tree rings. In contrast to older tree ring studies, which predominantly applied a pure statistical approach this book will focus on physiological mechanisms that influence isotopic signals and reflect environmental impacts. Focusing on connections between physiological responses and drivers of isotope variation will also clarify why environmental impacts are not linearly reflected in isotope ratios and tree ring widths. This volume will be of interest to any researcher and educator who uses tree rings (and other organic matter proxies) to reconstruct paleoclimate as well as to understand contemporary functional processes and anthropogenic influences on native ecosystems. The use of stable isotopes in biogeochemical studies has expanded greatly in recent years, making this volume a valuable resource to a growing and vibrant community of researchers.




Sommario

PART I   INTRODUCTION: 1. Isotope Dendrochronology: Historical Perspective.- 2. Dendrochronology: Fundamentals and Innovations.- 3. Anatomical, developmental and physiological bases of tree-ring formation in relation to environmental factors.- PART II   METHODS: 4. Sample collection and preparation for annual and intra-annual tree-ring isotope chronologies.- 5. Stable isotope signatures of wood, its constituents and methods of cellulose extraction.- 6. Tree-Ring Stable Isotope Measurements: The Role of Quality Assurance and Quality Control to Ensure High Quality Data.- 7. Newer Developments in Tree-Ring Stable Isotope Methods.- PART III: ISOTOPIC FRACTIONATIONS FROM SOURCE TO WOOD: 8. Isotopes – terminology, definitions and properties.- 9. Carbon isotope effects in relation to CO2 assimilation by tree canopies.- 10. Environmental, physiological and biochemical processes determining the oxygen isotope ratio of tree-ring cellulose.- 11. The stable hydrogen isotopic signature: From source water to tree rings.- 12. Nitrogen isotopes in tree rings – Challenges and prospects.-
13. Postphotosynthetic fractionation in leaves, phloem and stem.- PART IV   PHYSIOLOGICAL INTERPRETATIONS: 14. Environmental fingerprints in tree-ring stable isotopes: Limits and strengths in mirroring environmental impacts.- 15. Post-photosynthetic carbon, oxygen and hydrogen isotope signal transfer to tree rings – how timing of cell formations and turnover of stored carbohydrates affect intra-annual isotope variations.- 16. Probing tree physiology using the dual-isotope approach.- 17. Intrinsic water-use efficiency derived from stable carbon isotopes of tree-rings.- PART V: ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS IMPACTING THE ISOTOPIC FRACTIONATION:
18. Spatial and temporal variations in plant source water: O and H isotope ratiosfrom precipitation to xylem water.- 19. Climate signals in stable isotope tree ring records.- 20. Stable isotopes in tree rings of Boreal Forests.- 21. Stable isotopes in tree rings of Mediterranean Forests.- 22. Stable isotopes in tree rings of Tropical forests.- 23. Forest Management and Tree-Ring Isotopes.- 24. Impact of increasing CO2, and air pollutants (NOx, SO2, O3) on the stable isotope ratios in tree rings.- 25. Insect and pathogen influences on tree-ring stable isotopes.- 26. Process-based ecophysiological models of tree-ring stable isotopes.










Altre Informazioni

ISBN:

9783030926977

Condizione: Nuovo
Collana: Tree Physiology
Dimensioni: 235 x 155 mm Ø 0 gr
Formato: Copertina rigida
Illustration Notes:XXI, 773 p. 106 illus., 76 illus. in color.
Pagine Arabe: 773
Pagine Romane: xxi


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