Sfpe Guide To Human Behavior In Fire - | Libro Springer 11/2018 - HOEPLI.it


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SFPE Guide to Human Behavior in Fire




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Dettagli

Genere:Libro
Lingua: Inglese
Editore:

Springer

Pubblicazione: 11/2018
Edizione: 2nd ed. 2019





Sommario

1 Introduction.- 2 Integrating Human Behavior Factors into Design.- 3 Population Characteristics.- 4 Occupant Behavior Concepts - Cues, Decisions & Actions.- 5 Effects of Fire Effluent.- 6 Development and Selection of Occupant Behavioral Scenarios.- 7 Calculation of Effects of Fire Effluent.- 8 Physical Movement Concepts.- 9 Egress Model Selection.- 10 Egress Model Testing.- 11 Estimation of Uncertainty and Safety Factors.- 12 Enhancing Human Response to Emergency Notification and Messaging.- 13 Managing the Movement of Building Occupants.




Trama

This single resource for the fire safety community distills the most relevant and useful science and research into a consensus-based guide whose key factors and considerations impact the response and behavior of occupants of a building during a fire event.

The Second Edition of SFPE's Engineering Guide: Human Behavior in Fire provides a common introduction to this field for the broad fire safety community: fire protection engineers/fire safety engineers, human behavior scientists/researchers, design professionals, and code authorities. The public benefits from consistent understanding of the factors that influence the responses and behaviors of people when threatened by fire and the application of reliable methodologies to evaluate and estimate human response in buildings and structures.

This Guide also aims to lessen the uncertainties in the "people components" of fire safety and allow for more refined analysis with less reliance on arbitrary safety factors. As with fire science in general, our knowledge of human behavior in fire is growing, but is still characterized by uncertainties that are traceable to both limitation in the science and unfamiliarity by the user communities. The concepts for development of evacuation scenarios for performance-based designs and the technical methods to estimate evacuation response are reviewed with consideration to the limitation and uncertainty of the methods. This Guide identifies both quantitative and qualitative information that constitutes important consideration prior to developing safety factors, exercising engineering judgment, and using evacuation models in the practical design of buildings and evacuation procedures. Besides updating material in the First Edition, this revision includes new information on:
  • Incapacitating Effects of Fire Effluent & Toxicity Analysis Methods
  • Occupant Behavior Scnearios
  • Movement Models and Behavioral Models
  • Egress Model Selection, Verification, and Validation
  • Estimation of Uncertainty and Use of Safety Factors
  • Enhancing Human Response to Emergencies & Notification of Messaging
The prediction of human behavior during a fire emergency is one of the most challenging areas of fire protection engineering. Yet, understanding and considering human factors is essential to designing effective evacuation systems, ensuring safety during a fire and related emergency events, and accurately reconstructing a fire.





Autore

The SFPE Task Group on Human Behavior in Fire consists of the leading researchers on the topic, from academia, industry, and government.

The Society of Fire Protection Engineers (SFPE) is the professional society representing those practicing the field of fire protection engineering. The Society has over 4,600 members and 92 chapters, including 17 student chapters worldwide.

The purpose of SFPE is to advance the science and practice of fire protection engineering and its allied fields, to maintain a high ethical standard among its members and to foster fire protection engineering education.








Altre Informazioni

ISBN:

9783319946962

Condizione: Nuovo
Dimensioni: 279 x 210 mm Ø 753 gr
Formato: Copertina rigida
Illustration Notes:24 Illustrations, black and white
Pagine Arabe: 159
Pagine Romane: xiv






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