Reproductive science continues to revolutionise reproduction and propel us further into uncharted territories. The revolution signalled by the birth of Louise Brown after IVF in 1978, prompted governments across Europe and beyond into regulatory action. Forty years on, there are now dramatic and controversial developments in new reproductive technologies. Technologies such as uterus transplantation that may enable unisex gestation and babies gestated by dad; or artificial wombs that will completely divorce reproduction from the human body and allow babies to be gestated by machines, usher in a different set of legal, ethical and social questions to those that arose from IVF. This book revisits the regulation of assisted reproduction and advances the debate on from the now much-discussed issues that arose from IVF, offering a critical analysis of the regulatory challenges raised by new reproductive technologies on the horizon.
Part I. Regulating Reproductive Technologies: Challenges Old and New: 1. Regulation of assisted reproduction: past, present and future; 2. Regulation of gametes: resolving embryo disputes between gamete progenitors; Part II. Regulating New Reproductive Technologies: 3. In vitro gestation: the road to artificial wombs (ectogenesis) and mechanical reproduction; 4. In vitro gestation II: ectogenesis – a regulatory minefield?; 5. Regulation of uterus transplantation: when assisted reproduction and transplant medicine collide; 6. Uterus transplantation and unisex gestation: 'O brave new world, that hath such people in it'; Conclusion.
As new technologies continue to revolutionise the future of human reproduction, they challenge our legal and ethical assumptions surrounding parenting, family formation, gender roles, obstetrics and neonatology. This book informs about the legal regulation of assisted reproduction and the regulatory challenges emerging developments raise.
Amel Alghrani is a Senior Lecturer in Law and Associate Dean (Education) in the School of Law and Social Justice at the University of Liverpool.
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