Poison, Medicine, And Disease In Late Medieval And Early Modern Europe - Gibbs Frederick W | Libro Routledge 08/2018 - HOEPLI.it

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gibbs frederick w - poison, medicine, and disease in late medieval and early modern europe

Poison, Medicine, and Disease in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe

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Lingua: Inglese


Pubblicazione: 08/2018
Edizione: 1° edizione

Note Editore

This book presents a uniquely broad and pioneering history of premodern toxicology by exploring how late medieval and early modern (c. 1200–1600) physicians discussed the relationship between poison, medicine, and disease. Drawing from a wide range of medical and natural philosophical texts—with an emphasis on treatises that focused on poison, pharmacotherapeutics, plague, and the nature of disease—this study brings to light premodern physicians' debates about the potential existence, nature, and properties of a category of substance theoretically harmful to the human body in even the smallest amount. Focusing on the category of poison (venenum) rather than on specific drugs reframes and remixes the standard histories of toxicology, pharmacology, and etiology, as well as shows how these aspects of medicine (although not yet formalized as independent disciplines) interacted with and shaped one another. Physicians argued, for instance, about what properties might distinguish poison from other substances, how poison injured the human body, the nature of poisonous bodies, and the role of poison in spreading, and to some extent defining, disease. The way physicians debated these questions shows that poison was far from an obvious and uncontested category of substance, and their effort to understand it sheds new light on the relationship between natural philosophy and medicine in the late medieval and early modern periods.


Contents Acknowledgements Introduction 1. Classical Authorities and Traditions The ambiguity of pharmaka and venena Prevention, symptoms, and remedies Medical pharmacotherapy and theories of poison Compilation, synthesis, and specific form Conclusion 2. Poison and Venom in the Latin West before 1300 Poisons and venoms in translation Encyclopedic poisons Qualities, quantities, and forms Regulating poisonous drugs Conclusion 3. Towards a New Toxicology Food, medicine, and poison A new kind of poison text New "problems" of poison Patronage, poison, and medical learning Conclusion 4. Plague, Poison, and Metaphor Putrefied and poisoned air Plague as poison in the body Spreadable and contagious poison Conclusion 5. Poisonous Properties, Bodies, and Forms Occult definitions and forms Poisonous properties Poisonous bodies Poisoning, sorcery, and the evil eye Sympathetic forms Conclusion 6. Poison, Putrefaction, and Ontology of Disease Poisons, contagions, and the French Disease Poison as cause of disease Separating poison and medicine with Paracelsus Ontologies of poisons, forms, seeds, and disease Conclusion 7. Reframing Toxicology Reconciling the language of medicine and poison New approaches to venenum Poisons, venoms, and corruptions in the body Conclusion Epilogue Bibliography


Frederick W. Gibbs is Associate Professor in the Department of History at the University of New Mexico, USA.

Altre Informazioni



Condizione: Nuovo
Collana: Medicine in the Medieval Mediterranean
Dimensioni: 9.25 x 6.25 in Ø 1.40 lb
Formato: Copertina rigida
Pagine Arabe: 314
Pagine Romane: xviii

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