Nuclear Fusion - Morse Edward | Libro Springer 12/2018 -

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morse edward - nuclear fusion

Nuclear Fusion

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Lingua: Inglese


Pubblicazione: 12/2018
Edizione: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2018


The pursuit of nuclear fusion as an energy source requires a broad knowledge of several disciplines. These include plasma physics, atomic physics, electromagnetics, materials science, computational modeling, superconducting magnet technology, accelerators, lasers, and health physics. Nuclear Fusion distills and combines these disparate subjects to create a concise and coherent foundation to both fusion science and technology. It examines all aspects of physics and technology underlying the major magnetic and inertial confinement approaches to developing nuclear fusion energy. It further chronicles latest developments in the field, and reflects the multi-faceted nature of fusion research, preparing advanced undergraduate and graduate students in physics and engineering to launch into successful and diverse fusion-related research.

Nuclear Fusion reflects Dr. Morse’s research in both magnetic and inertial confinement fusion, working with the world’s top laboratories, and embodies his extensive thirty-five year career in teaching three courses in fusion plasma physics and fusion technology at University of California, Berkeley.


Chapter 1 Introduction
Fusion as an energy source
World energy supply and demand
Availability of fusion fuel
Risk factors for energy sources:
Comparative risks of fusion to other energy technologies
Prospects for a fusion energy technology
Historical background

Chapter 2 Fusion nuclear reactions
Cross sections and reactivity
Resonant and non-resonant fusion reactions
Reactivity models for maxwellian distributions
Reactivity in beam-maxwellian systems

Chapter 3 Energy gain and loss mechanisms in plasmas and reactors
Charged particle heating
Ohmic heating
External heating methods
Radiation loss:
Charge Exchange
Reactor energy balance
Lawson criterion and Q
Pulsed vs. steady state energy balance
Thermal conversion efficiency

Chapter 4 Magnetic Confinement
MHD fluid equations
Pressure balance
Magnetic pressure concept and
Z pinch: Bennett pinch theorem
Instabilities in Z pinch
Tokamak configuration
Grad-Shafranov equation
Numerical solutions
Effect of flow on equilibrium

Chapter 5 MHD instabilities 
Ideal MHD
Energy Principle
Interchange instability
Kink and sausage  instability
Wesson diagram for tokamak stability
Ballooning modes
Numerical solutions
Resistive MHD
Magnetic Islands
’ and Rutherford growth
Magnetic stochasticity

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Vlasov equation
Collision operators 
Braginskii transport equations
Timescale hierarchy for electrons and ions
Beam slowing down 

Chapter 7 Neoclassical effects
Pfirsch-Schluter regime
Trapped particles
Bootstrap current
Neoclassical tearing mode

Chapter 8 Waves in plasma
Cold plasma dispersion relation: CMA diagram
Cutoffs and resonances
Warm plasma waves
WKB approximation
Ray tracing and accessibility
Laser-plasma interactions

Chapter 9 RF heating in magnetic fusion devices
Ion cyclotron heating: sources, antennas, transmission lines
Lower hybrid heating: sources, antennas, transmission lines
Electron cyclotron heating: sources, antennas, transmission linesIon Bernstein waves and high harmonic fast waves
RF current drive
Runaway electrons

Chapter 10 Neutral beam injection
Positive and negative ion sources
Neutralization efficiency
Child-Langmuir law
Beam optics calculations
High voltage breakdown issues

Chapter 11 Inertial confinement 
Direct vs. indirect drive
Lasers, optics, frequency doubling and tripling
Hohlraum design
Capsule hydrodynamics
Rayleigh-Taylor instability
Electron preheat and mix
Heavy ion drivers
Fast ignition
Numerical simulations

Chapter 12 Magnets
Thermal stability
Stress calculations
Bending moments and torsional stability
Radiation damage

Chapter 13 Tritium
Health issues: HTO vs. HT
Sievert’s law and leakage calculations
H-D-T separation processes
Availability and cost
He-3 recovery

Chapter 14 Materials issues
First wall: MFE vs. IFE
Thermal shock and fatigue
Thermal stress calculations
Coolant compatibility
Plasma-wall interaction
Radiation damage: dpa cross sections and He production
Embrittlement, void swelling, and creep
Composite materials
Divertor and limiter design

Chapter 15 Vacuum systems
Scroll pumps
Conductance calculations
Transient response of vacuum systems

Chapter 16 Blankets
Li vs. LiPb vs. LiO 
Tritium removal
Fire safety
Fission hybrid decay heat issues

Chapter 17 Economics and Sustainability
The cost of money
Material availability
Plant lifetime consideration
Site licenses
Accident mitigation 
Is it “Green?”


Dr. Edward Morse is Professor of Nuclear Engineering at the University of California, Berkeley, where for over thirty-five years he has taught the department’s three senior undergraduate and graduate courses on fusion, plasma physics, and fusion technology. He has authored over 140 publications in the areas of plasma physics, mathematics, fusion technology, lasers, microwave sources, neutron imaging, plasma diagnostics, and homeland security applications. For several years he operated the largest fusion neutron source in the US.   Frequently consulted by the media to explain the underlying science and technology of nuclear energy policy and events, Dr. Morse is also a consultant and expert witness in applications of fusion neutrons to oil exploration.

Altre Informazioni



Condizione: Nuovo
Collana: Graduate Texts in Physics
Dimensioni: 235 x 155 mm Ø 813 gr
Formato: Brossura
Illustration Notes:206 Illustrations, black and white
Pagine Arabe: 512
Pagine Romane: xxii

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