Lectures In Classical Thermodynamics With An Introduction To Statistical Mechanics - Blankschtein Daniel | Libro Springer 03/2021 - HOEPLI.it


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blankschtein daniel - lectures in classical thermodynamics with an introduction to statistical mechanics

Lectures in Classical Thermodynamics with an Introduction to Statistical Mechanics MECHANICS




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Dettagli

Genere:Libro
Lingua: Inglese
Editore:

Springer

Pubblicazione: 03/2021
Edizione: 1st ed. 2020





Trama

This textbook facilitates students’ ability to apply fundamental principles and concepts in classical thermodynamics to solve challenging problems relevant to industry and everyday life. It also introduces the reader to the fundamentals of statistical mechanics, including understanding how the microscopic properties of atoms and molecules, and their associated intermolecular interactions, can be accounted for to calculate various average properties of macroscopic systems. The author emphasizes application of the fundamental principles outlined above to the calculation of a variety of thermodynamic properties, to the estimation of conversion efficiencies for work production by heat interactions, and to the solution of practical thermodynamic problems related to the behavior of non-ideal pure fluids and fluid mixtures, including phase equilibria and chemical reaction equilibria. The book contains detailed solutions to many challenging sample problems in classical thermodynamics and statistical mechanics that will help the reader crystallize the material taught. Class-tested and perfected over 30 years of use by nine-time Best Teaching Award recipient Professor Daniel Blankschtein of the Department of Chemical Engineering at MIT, the book is ideal for students of Chemical and Mechanical Engineering, Chemistry, and Materials Science, who will benefit greatly from in-depth discussions and pedagogical explanations of key concepts. 

  • Distills critical concepts, methods, and applications from leading full-length textbooks, along with the author’s own deep understanding of the material taught, into a concise yet rigorous graduate and advanced undergraduate text;
  • Enriches the standard curriculum with succinct, problem-based learning strategies derived from the content of 50 lectures given over the years in the Department of Chemical Engineering at MIT;
  • Reinforces concepts covered with detailed solutions to illuminating and challenging homework problems.





Sommario

Lecture 1:Book Overview.- Lecture 2:Basic Concepts and Definitions.- Lecture 3:First Law - Closed Systems: Derivation.- Lecture 4:First Law - Closed Systems: Derivation, Solution to Sample Problem 1.- Lecture 5:First Law - Closed Systems:  Solution to Sample Problem 1, Continued.- Lecture 6:First Law - Open Systems:  Derivation, Solution to Sample Problem 2.- Lecture 7:Second-Law Concepts.- Lecture 8:Heat Engine, Carnot Efficiency.- Lecture 9:Entropy, Reversibility.- Lecture 10:The Second Law of Thermodynamics, Maximum Work.- Lecture 11:The Combined First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics, Availability.- Lecture 12:Flow Work, Solution to Sample Problem 3.- Lecture 13:Fundamental Equations.- Lecture 14:Manipulation of Partial Derivatives.- Lecture 15:Gibbs Free Energy Formulation.- Lecture 16:Evaluation of Thermodynamic Data.- Lecture 17:Equation of State (EOS), Binodal, Spinodal, Critical Point.- Lecture 18:Principle of Corresponding States.- Lecture 19:Departure Functions.- Lecture 20:Review for Part I.- .- Lecture 21:Extensive and Intensive Mixture Properties, Partial Molar Properties.- Lecture 22:Generalized Gibbs-Duhem Relations for Mixtures, Calculation of Partial Molar Properties.- Lecture 23:Mixture EOS, Mixture Departure Functions, Ideal-Gas Mixtures, Ideal Solutions.- Lecture 24:Mixing Functions, Excess Functions.- Lecture 25:Fugacity, Fugacity Coefficient.- Lecture 26:Activity, Activity Coefficient.- Lecture 27:Criteria of Phase Equilibria, Gibbs Phase Rule.- Lecture 28:Applications of the Gibbs Phase Rule, Azeotrope.- Lecture 29:Differential Approach to Phase Equilibria, Pressure-Temperature-Composition Relations, Clausius-Clapeyron Equation.- Lecture 30:Integral Approach to Phase Equilibria, Composition Models.- Lecture 31:Chemical Equilibria: Stoichiometric Formulation.- Lecture 32:Equilibrium Constants for Gas-Phase and Condensed-Phase Reactions.- Lecture 33:Response of Chemical Reactions to Temperature, Le Chatelier’s Principle.- Lecture 34:Response of Chemical Reactions to Pressure, Applications.- Lecture 35:Gibbs Phase Rule for Chemically- Reacting Systems, Applications.- Lecture 36:Effect of Chemical Equilibrium on Thermodynamic Properties.- Lecture 37:Review for Part II.- Lecture 38:Quantum Statistical Mechanics, Canonical Ensemble, Probability and the Boltzmann Factor, Canonical Partition Function.- Lecture 39:Calculation of Thermodynamic Properties from the Canonical Partition Function, Treatment of Distinguishable and Indistinguishable Molecules.- Lecture 40:Translational, Vibrational, Rotational, and Electronic Partition Functions of Ideal Gases.- Lecture 41:Calculation of Thermodynamic Properties of Ideal Gases from the Partition Functions.- Lecture 42:Microcanonical Ensemble, Statistical Mechanical Definition and Interpretation of Entropy and Work.- Lecture 43:Statistical Mechanical Interpretation of the First, Second, and Third Laws of Thermodynamics.- .- Lecture 44:Grand Canonical Ensemble, Statistical Fluctuations.- Lecture 45:Classical Statistical Mechanics.- Lecture 46:Configurational Integral, Statistical Mechanical Derivation of the Virial Equation of State.- Lecture 47:Virial Coefficients in the Classical Limit, Statistical Mechanical Derivation of the van der Waals Equation of State.- Lecture 48:Statistical Mechanical Treatment of Chemical Equilibrium.- Lecture 49:Statistical Mechanical Treatment of Binary Mixtures.- Lecture 50:Review for Part III and Book Overview.




Autore

Dr. Daniel Blankschtein is the Herman P. Meissner ’29 Professor of Chemical Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He received a Ph.D in Condensed Matter Physics in 1983 from Tel-Aviv University in Israel, and carried out postdoctoral studies in the Physics department at MIT before joining the Chemical Engineering faculty at MIT in 1986. He has published over 230 research articles in the general subjects of molecular-thermodynamic and statistical mechanics modeling of self-assembling surfactant systems, bioseparations using two-phase aqueous micellar and polymer systems, transdermal drug delivery using ultrasound and chemical enhancers, and modeling of wetting phenomena and liquid-phase exfoliation and stabilization of 2D nanomaterials using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. He has received several awards, including a Presidential Young Investigator Award, the 1996 Ebert Prize from the American Pharmaceutical Association, the 2000 Dow Corning Award from the Controlled Release Society, the 2015 Capers and Marlon McDonald Award for Excellence in Mentoring and Advising, and nine Outstanding Faculty Awards for his teaching of graduate-level Thermodynamics.









Altre Informazioni

ISBN:

9783030491970

Condizione: Nuovo
Dimensioni: 235 x 155 mm Ø 1346 gr
Formato: Copertina rigida
Illustration Notes:144 Illustrations, black and white
Pagine Arabe: 766
Pagine Romane: xxiv






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