Learning Among Neanderthals And Palaeolithic Modern Humans - Nishiaki Yoshihiro (Curatore); Jöris Olaf (Curatore) | Libro Springer 01/2021 - HOEPLI.it

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nishiaki yoshihiro (curatore); jöris olaf (curatore) - learning among neanderthals and palaeolithic modern humans

Learning Among Neanderthals and Palaeolithic Modern Humans Archaeological Evidence


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Lingua: Inglese


Pubblicazione: 01/2021
Edizione: 1st ed. 2019


This book is based on the research performed for the Replacement of Neanderthals by Modern Humans Project. The central issue of the project is the investigation of possible differences between the two populations in cognitive ability for learning. The project aims to evaluate a unique working hypothesis, coined as the learning hypothesis, which postulates that differences in learning eventually resulted in the replacement of those populations. 
The book deals with relevant archaeological records to understand the learning behaviours of Neanderthals and modern humans. Learning behaviours are conditioned by numerous factors including not only cognitive ability but also cultural traditions, social structure, population size, and life history. The book addresses the issues in two parts, comparing learning behaviours in terms of cognitive ability and social environments, respectively. Collectively, it provides new insights into the behavioural characteristics of Neanderthals and modern humans from a previously overlooked perspective. Furthermore, it highlights the significance of understanding learning in prehistory, the driving force for any development of culture and technology among human society.


1 Learning Behaviors among Neanderthals and Paleolithic Modern Humans: An Introduction
Yoshihiro Nishiaki and Olaf Jöris

Part I: Cognitive backgrounds for learning

2 Neural Underpinnings of Creative Thinking and Tool Use: A Meta-Analysis of Neuroimaging Data
Naoki Miura, Yukako Sasaki, Kunihiro Hasegawa, and Hiroki C. Tanabe

3 The Expert Performance Model of Neanderthal Cognition
Thomas Wynn and Frederick L. Coolidge

4 Cognitive Capacities of the Neanderthals
Marcel Otte

Part II: Processes of Paleolithic learning

5 Mastering Hammer Use in Stone Knapping: An Experiment
Yoshihiro Nishiaki

6 Evidence for Neanderthal Hand-Preferences from the Late Middle Paleolithic Site of Buhlen, Germany: Insights into Neanderthal Learning Behaviour
Olaf Jöris and Natali Uomini

7 Good and Bad Knappers Among Neanderthals
Javier Baena, J. Irene Ortiz, and Concepción Torres

8 The Apprentice Core: Evidence from a Lithic Refitting at the Upper Paleolithic Site Kyushirataki-5 in Hokkaido, Northern Japan
Jun Takakura and Yasuo Naoe

9 Learning Behavior of Sanukite Knapping among the Upper Paleolithic communities of Suichoen, Japan
Shoji Takahashi and Yoshihiro Nishiaki

10 Strong Differences in Neanderthal and AMH cannot be Inferred from Ethnographic Evidence for Skill and Learning in Hunting
Katharine Macdonald

Part III: Socio-cultural backgrounds for learning 

11 Marine shells from Tor Fawaz, southern Jordan, Southern Jordan, and Their Implications for Behavioral Changes from the Middle to Upper Paleolithic in the Levant.

Seiji Kadowaki and Taiji Kurozumi, Donald O. Henry

12 Modeling Learning Strategies and the Expansion of the Social Network in the Beginning of Upper Paleolithic Europe: Analysis by Agent-Based Simulation
Shiro Horiuchi and Jun Takakura

13 Transculturation versus Acculturation: A Clarification
Foni Le Brun-Ricalens

14 Ratchets and Replacement: The Potential Role of Cultural Accumulation in the Replacement of Neanderthals by Modern Humans
Michael Chazan


Yoshihiro Nishiaki, who received his Ph.D. from University College London, is a professor of prehistory at the University Museum, The University of Tokyo. His research involves the archaeology of West and Central Asia mainly through technological analyses of flaked stone artifacts. He has directed numerous field investigations in West and Central Asia since 1984, including Paleolithic and Neolithic excavations in Syria, Azerbaijan, Iran, and Uzbekistan. He is currently the director of PaleoAsia, a large-scale research project investigating the formation processes of modern human cultures in Asia, supported by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan. He has served on the editorial board or scientific committee of a number of international associations, such as the International Union for Quaternary Research, the International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences, and Association Paléorient.

Olaf Jöris received his Ph.D. from the University of Cologne, Germany. He is senior scientist at and deputy head of the MONREPOS Archaeological Research Centre and Museum for Human Behavioural Evolution in Neuwied, Germany – a department of the Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum Mainz, Leibniz Research Institute for Archaeology. His research focuses on the archaeological evidence for understanding the evolution of human behaviour from a diachronic perspective. He has directed fieldwork in Germany, Georgia, and China. He has been involved in numerous inter- and transdisciplinary projects, regularly serves as reviewer or editor in international journals, and is member of several international research organizations. He teaches prehistoric archaeology at the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany, and, since 2014, has been a visiting professor at Lanzhou University, Gansu Province, China.

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Altre Informazioni



Condizione: Nuovo
Collana: Replacement of Neanderthals by Modern Humans Series
Dimensioni: 279 x 210 mm Ø 637 gr
Formato: Brossura
Illustration Notes:45 Illustrations, black and white
Pagine Arabe: 218
Pagine Romane: x

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