Introduction To The Physics Of Matter - Manini Nicola | Libro Springer 10/2020 - HOEPLI.it


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manini nicola - introduction to the physics of matter

Introduction to the Physics of Matter Basic Atomic, Molecular, and Solid-State Physics




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Dettagli

Genere:Libro
Lingua: Inglese
Editore:

Springer

Pubblicazione: 10/2020
Edizione: 2nd ed. 2020





Sommario

1 Introductory concepts 
1.1 Basic ingredients 
1.1.1 Typical scales 
1.1.2 Perspectives on the structure of matter (contains spoilers)
1.2 Spectra and broadening
2 Atoms 
2.1 One-electron atom/ions
2.1.1 The energy spectrum 
2.1.2 The angular wavefunction
2.1.3 The radial wavefunction 
2.1.4 Orbital angular momentum and magnetic dipole moment 
2.1.5 The Stern-Gerlach experiment
2.1.6 Electron spin 
2.1.7 Fine structure
2.1.8 Nuclear spin and hyperfine structure
2.1.9 Electronic transitions, selection rules
2.1.10 Spectra in a magnetic field 
2.2 Many-electron atoms 
2.2.1 Identical particles 
2.2.2 The independent-particles approximation 
2.2.3 Independent electrons in atoms
2.2.4 The 2-electron atom
2.2.5 The Hartree-Fock method
2.2.6 Electronic structure across the periodic table
2.2.7 Fundamentals of spectroscopy
2.2.8 Core levels and spectra 
2.2.9 Optical spectra 
2.2.10 Electric-dipole selection rules 
vii
viii Contents
3 Molecules 
3.1 The adiabatic separation 
3.2 Chemical and non-chemical bonding
3.2.1 H+2
3.2.2 Covalent and ionic bonding 
3.2.3 Weak non-chemical bonds
3.2.4 A classification of bonding 
3.3 Intramolecular dynamics and spectra
3.3.1 Rotational and rovibrational spectra 
3.3.2 Electronic excitations 
3.3.3 Zero-point effects 
4 Statistical physics
4.1 Introductory concepts 
4.1.1 Probability and statistics
4.1.2 Quantum statistics and the density operator
4.2 Equilibrium ensembles
4.2.1 Connection to thermodynamics 
4.2.2 Entropy and the second principle
4.3 Ideal systems 
4.3.1 The high-temperature limit
4.3.2 Low-temperature Fermi and Bose gases 
4.4 Matter-radiation interaction 
4.4.1 The laser
5 Solids 
5.1 The microscopic structure of solids 
5.1.1 Lattices and crystal structures
5.1.2 The reciprocal lattice 
5.1.3 Diffraction experiments 
5.2 Electrons in crystals
5.2.1 Models of bands in crystals 
5.2.2 Filling of the bands: metals and insulators
5.2.3 Spectra of electrons in solids 
5.3 The vibrations of crystals 
5.3.1 The normal modes of vibration 
5.3.2 Thermal properties of phonons 
5.3.3 Other phonon effects 
A Conclusions and outlook 
B Applications: light sources and lighting 




Trama

This is the second edition of a well-received book. It provides an up-to-date, concise review of essential topics in the physics of matter, from atoms and molecules to solids, including elements of statistical mechanics. It features over 160 completely revised and enhanced figures illustrating the main physical concepts and the fundamental experimental facts, and discusses selected experiments, mainly in spectroscopy and thermodynamics, within the general framework of the adiabatic separation of the motions of electrons and nuclei. The book focuses on what can be described in terms of independent-particle models, providing the mathematical derivations in sufficient detail for readers to grasp the relevant physics involved. The final section offers a glimpse of more advanced topics, including magnetism and superconductivity, sparking readers’ curiosity to further explore the latest developments in the physics of matter.

 





Autore

Nicola Manini is an Associate Professor at the Physics Department of the University of Milan, Italy, where he teaches Structure of Matter and Solid-State Physics. In 1995, he received his PhD in Condensed Matter Theory from SISSA, Trieste. He has worked at Yale University, USA, and at the ESRF in Grenoble, France. He fosters regular research collaborations with SISSA and other Italian and international groups, and his research covers various topics in the theory and simulation of matter, including atomic-scale friction and dissipation; the dynamics of colloids; electronic and vibrational properties of metals, semiconductors, molecular and nanostructured materials; ultracold atomic gases; fullerene C60; geometric phases; and the Jahn-Teller effect.

 








Altre Informazioni

ISBN:

9783030572426

Condizione: Nuovo
Collana: Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics
Dimensioni: 235 x 155 mm Ø 468 gr
Formato: Brossura
Illustration Notes:155 Illustrations, black and white
Pagine Arabe: 290
Pagine Romane: xi






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