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grün eberhard (curatore); gustafson bo a.s. (curatore); dermott stan. (curatore); fechtig hugo (curatore) - interplanetary dust

Interplanetary Dust

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Dettagli

Genere:Libro
Lingua: Inglese
Editore:

Springer

Pubblicazione: 07/2001
Edizione: 2001





Trama

Conceived more than six years ago, this book took much effort to develop, and several updates in parts of the book became necessary because significant ad­ vances in the field of Interplanetary Dust had occurred. Now, at the beginning of the new millennium, this book provides up-to-date coverage of all major aspects of dust in the Solar System. The volume is conceived as a source book for researchers in the field as well as a graduate-level textbook. In order to achieve the highest standard the individual chapters are written by experts in the field, preserving the somewhat different style and language of the sub-topic. The book follows the comprehensive review of the "Cosmic Dust" field assembled by Tony McDonnell more than 20 years ago. That book covered dust in its various physical appearances as the common theme, but it described phenomena that appeared rather unrelated. The topics ranged from zodiacal light over lunar craters to dust particles collected in the atmosphere, from interstellar dust to comets, and from dust dynamics to laboratory simulation of dusty phenomena.




Sommario

Color Plates.- Contributors.- Historical Perspectives.- I. Introductory Overview.- II. Early Reports on the Zodiacal Light.- III. Zodiacal Light Observations Until the Beginning of the Space Age.- IV. After the Beginning of the Space Age.- IV.A. Rise and Fall of the Earth’s Dust Belt.- IV.B. Zodiacal Light Studied from Near-Earth Space.- V. Microcraters on Lunar Surface Samples and the Lunar Ejecta and Micrometeorite Experiment.- VI. Experiments on Satellites and Space Probes.- VII. Important Results of the Dust Experiments PIA/PUMA and DIDSY on the Missions GIOTTO and VeGa to Comet Halley.- VIII. Outlook.- References.- Optical and Thermal Properties of Interplanetary Dust.- I. Zodiacal Scattered Light.- LA. Historical Survey.- LB. Zodiacal Light Measurements.- I.C. Main Trends in the Data.- I.D. Zodiacal Brightness from 1 AU.- I.E. Zodiacal Polarisation from 1 AU.- II. F-Corona Scattered Light.- II.A. Solar Corona Observations.- II.B. Brightness and Polarisation of the F-Corona.- III. Zodiacal and F -Coronal Thermal Emission.- III.A. Thermal Emission Measurements.- III.B. Zodiacal Thermal Emission from 1 AU.- III.C. Thermal Emission from the F-Corona.- IV. Local Scattering and Thermal Properties.- IV.A. Need for Inversion.- IV.B. Volume Scattering and Emitting Functions.- IV.C. Inversion with Homogeneity Assumption.- IV.D. Local Rigorous Inversion.- IV.E. Local Inversion Through Mathematical Methods.- IV.F Models of the Near Infrared F-Corona.- V. Conclusions and Perspectives.- References.- Cometary Dust.- I. Introduction.- II. Dust Dynamical Properties.- II.A. Ejection and Motion of Dust Grains.- II.B. Dust Features in Cometary Heads.- II.C. Dust Tails and Their Structure.- II.D. Dust in Periodic Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9.- III. Dust Optical and Physical Properties.- lILA. Thermal Emission.- III.B. Silicates.- III.C. Infrared Spectral Features of Hydrocarbons.- III.D. Scattering by Dust.- III.E. Icy Grains.- IV. Dust Chemical and Isotopic Composition.- IV.A. Facts from Ion Spectra.- IV.B. Bulk Composition.- IV.C. Mineralogical Composition.- V. The Future.- References.- Near Earth Environment.- I. Introduction.- II. The Earth as a Target.- II.A. Natural Meteoroids.- II.B. Meteoroid Properties and Dynamics.- II.C. The Sporadic Background.- II.D. The Annual Meteor Showers.- II.E. Atmospheric Effects.- III. Space Debris.- IV. Modelling Tools.- IV.A. The Griin Interplanetary Dust Model at 1 AU.- IV.B. Spacecraft Geometry.- IV.C. The NASA Orbital Debris Environment Model.- IV.D. ESABASE.- IV.E. MASTER.- IV.F. The Divine Interplanetary Dust Model.- V. Measurements.- V.A. Measurement Techniques.- V.B. Results.- VI. Summary.- References.- Discoveries from Observations and Modeling of the 1998/99 Leonids.- I. Introduction.- II. Meteoroid Streams and Meteor Storms.- III. Observing Campaigns.- IV. Meteoroid Morphology and Composition.- V. The Impact Hazard.- VI. Interaction of Meteoroids with the Atmosphere.- VII. Atmospheric Phenomena.- References.- Properties of Interplanetary Dust: Information from Collected Samples.- I. Introduction.- II. Antarctic and Greenland Micrometeorites.- II.A. Mineralogy and Petrography of MMs.- II.B. Major, Minor and Trace Element Chemistry of MMs.- II.C. Isotope Abundances in MMs.- II.D. Rare Gas Abundances in MMs.- II.E. Conclusions from MM Studies.- III. Stratospheric Interplanetary Dust.- III.A. Shape and External Morphology.- III.B. Density.- III.C. Optical and Infrared Properties.- III.D. Classification and Mineralogy.- III.E. Elemental Composition.- III.F. Isotopic Composition.- IV. Origins.- References.- In situ Measurements of Cosmic Dust.- I. Introduction.- II. Characteristics of In-Situ Dust Measurements in Space.- II.A. Dust Missions and Detectors.- II.B. Reliability of Impact Detection and Impact Rate Measurements.- II.C. Small Number Statistics.- II.D. Detection Geometry and Orbit Determination.- III. Measurements at 1 AU.- III.A. Early Meteoroid Flux Measurements in the Earth-Moon System.- III.B. HEOS-2.- III.C. Hiten.- IV. Measurements Within the Zodiacal Cloud.- IV.A. Helios.- IV.B. Pioneers 8 and 9.- IV.C. Galileo.- IV.D. Ulysses.- V. Measurements in the Outer Solar System.- V.A. Pioneers 10 and 11.- V.B. Jupiter Dust Streams.- V.C. Interstellar Dust.- VI. Characteristics of the Interplanetary Dust Complex as Measured by Spacecraft.- VI.A. Gravity and Radiation Pressure Effects.- VI.B. Electromagnetic Effects.- VII. Future Developments.- References.- Synthesis of Observations.- Preamble.- I. Introduction.- LA. Physical Processes.- LB. Properties of Interplanetary Dust.- I.C. Model Assumptions.- II. Early Modeling.- II.A. Cour-Palais (1969).- II.B. Kessler (1970).- II.C. Grün et al. (1985).- II.D. Zook (1991).- ILE. Comparison.- III. Basic Formulation.- III.A. Phase Space Density.- III.B. Orbital Parameter Distributions.- III.C. Concentrations.- IILD. Particle Fluxes.- IILE. Directional Flux and Impact Speed.- IILF. Radiation Pressure Effects and Hyperbolic Orbits.- IV. Meteoroid Data Sets.- IV.A. Meteors.- IV.B. Lunar Microcraters.- IV.C. Zodiacal Light and Thermal Emission.- IV.D. Early Spacecraft Detectors.- IV.E. Ulysses.- IV.F. Galileo.- V. Divine’s Original Model Populations.- VI. Comparison of Divine’s Model with Observations.- VI.A. Interplanetary Flux Model (Size Distribution).- VI.B. Meteors (Radial Distribution).- VI.C. Zodiacal Light and Thermal Emission.- VII. New Results.- VII.A. Interstellar Dust Population.- VILB. Meteoroid Populations Affected by Radiation Pressure.- VII.C. Predicted Fluxes onto the Cassini Detector.- VIII. Future Developments.- VIII.A. New Meteor Data and Analysis.- VIII.B. Small Meteoroid Populations.- VIII.C. Formulation of the Dust Environment of Earth-Orbiting Satellites.- VIII.D. Directional Flux onto a Satellite Surface.- VIII.E. Meteoroid Fluxes on LDEF.- References.- Instrumentation.- I. Introduction.- II. Detection and Characterization of Dust Particles.- II.A. Detection of Scattered and Emitted Light.- II.B. Charge.- II.C. Impact Light Flash.- II.D. Impact Ionization.- II.E. Thin-Foil Penetration.- II.F. Momentum.- II.G. Velocity, Trajectory, and Orbit.- II.H. Deceleration for Intact Capture.- II.I Mass, Density, and Diameter.- II.J. Chemical and Isotopic Composition.- III. Flight Instrumentation.- III.A. Explorer 16, Pegasus, and Pioneer 10:Large-Area Penetration Detector.- III.B. Pioneer 8: Reliable Coincidence Detector.- III.C. Heos 2: The First Speed-and-Mass Sensor for Small Dust Particle.- III.D. Helios: The First Dust Composition Analyzer.- III.E. VeGa 1/2 and Giotto to Comet Halley.- III.F. Galileo/Ulysses: Large-Area Multi-Coincidence Dust Detector System (DDS).- III.G. Hiten: Dust Counter (MDC) with a Transient Recorder.- III.H. Cassini: Multi-Parameter Cosmic Dust Analyzer (CDA).- III.I. Very-High-Resolution Cometary Dust Composition Analyzer (COSIMA).- IV. Laboratory Simulation.- IV.A. Acceleration of Dust Particles.- IV.B. Dust Charging in an Electrodynamic Quadrupole.- References.- Physical Processes on Interplanetary Dust.- I. Introduction.- II. Collisional Growth of Solid Particles.- II.A. Two-Particle Collisions.- II.B. Aggregation Phenomena.- II.C. Coagulation and Aggregation Studies in the Laboratory.- III. Collisional Fragmentation.- III.A. Impact Process.- III.B. Fragmentation and Strength.- III.C. Size Distribution of Fragments.- III.D. Shape Distribution of Fragments.- III.E. Velocity and Spin Distribution of Fragments.- IV. Sublimation.- IV.A. Equilibrium.- IV.B. Vapor Pressure Versus Temperature.- IV.C. Sublimation Rate.- IV.D. Interplanetary Dust Grain Temperatures.- IV.E. Comets.- IV.F. Reaction Force.- V. Sputtering.- V.A. Plasma Parameters.- V.B. Materials.- V.C. UV Irradiation.- V.D. Plasma-Induced Sputtering and Alteration.- VI. Charging.- VI.A. Charging of Single Isolated Dust Particles.- VI.B. Collective Effects on Dust Charging.- VII. Lifetimes.- References.- Interactions with Electromagnetic Radiation: Theory and Laboratory Simulations










Altre Informazioni

ISBN:

9783540420675

Condizione: Nuovo
Collana: Astronomy and Astrophysics Library
Dimensioni: 235 x 155 mm Ø 1622 gr
Formato: Copertina rigida
Illustration Notes:243 Illustrations, black and white
Pagine Arabe: 804
Pagine Romane: xxx


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