Since the late 1970s, Britain has become a more unequal society. This book analyzes the dramatic widening of the income distribution, the growth of poverty, and the factors that have driven them. It examines how government spending and the taxes that pay for it affect people's incomes, why they take the forms they do, what we think of them, how things have changed since New Labour came to power in 1997, and the future pressures that any government will face as the population ages.
1 - Introduction 2 - Income inequality in the UK: extent and trends 3 - Poverty, deprivation, and exclusion 4 - Why has the income distribution changed? 5 - Income dynamics and social mobility 6 - Social spending and the boundaries between public and private sectors 7 - Tax and welfare 8 - Distribution and redistribution 9 - New Labour, welfare, and distribution 10 - Constraints and pressures 11 - Conclusions: The spending pit or the tax pendulum?
John Hills is Director of CASE and Professor of Social Policy at the London School of Economics. He was Co-Director of the LSE's Welfare State Programme, and has worked as an economist and advisor in governental and non-governmental institutions in the UK and internationally.
This book is about inequality, how the State affects distribution through its spending programmers and through taxation, and what the public thinks of these issues. It describes and analyses one of the biggest social changes in Britain since the Second World War: the dramatic widening of income distribution since the end of the 1970s, the growth of poverty, and the factors that driven them.