Hydrology - Watson Ian | Libro Crc Press 10/1993 - HOEPLI.it

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watson ian - hydrology

Hydrology An Environmental Approach

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Lingua: Inglese

CRC Press

Pubblicazione: 10/1993
Edizione: 1° edizione


Hydrology covers the fundamentals of hydrology and hydrogeology, taking an environmental slant dictated by the emphasis in recent times for the remediation of contaminated aquifers and surface-water bodies as well as a demand for new designs that impose the least negative impact on the natural environment. Major topics covered include hydrological principles, groundwater flow, groundwater contamination and clean-up, groundwater applications to civil engineering, well hydraulics, and surface water. Additional topics addressed include flood analysis, flood control, and both ground-water and surface-water applications to civil engineering design.


Introduction to Hydrology: Introduction and Overview: Recent and Traditional Trends. Hydrologic Perspective. Hydrology. Applied Hydrology. Hydrology and the Student. Professional Responsibility. Cost-Effective Practice. Box 1-1 Ultimate Heat Sink Design. Fundamental Concepts: The Hydrologic Cycle and Ground-Water Flow: Concept 1 The Hydrological Cycle, A Global Model for Practice. A Model for Practice. A Broader Perspective. Cycle Description. Holistic Planning. Concept 2 Water Flow Through Aquifers, A Case of Following the Path of Least Resistance. Aquifers. Ground-Water Flow. Applications to Practice. Fundamental Concepts: Geologic Materials and Effective Stress. Concept 3 Geology and Geologic History, A Critical Control on Hydrogeologic Properties. Description of materials. Geologic History. A Perspective. Concept 4 The Theory of Effective Stress, Impacts of Pore Water Pressure. A Misconception. Increase in Pore Pressure. Statement. Analogy. Applications to Design. An Important Case-History Lesson. Box 3-1 Hydrogeologic Properties and Geologic History. Box 3-2 Particle-Size Gradation. Worked Example 3-1 Particle-Size Gradation: Granular Soils. Ground-Water Flow: Darcy's Law: Box 4-1 Hydraulic Gradient of Unity. Box 4-2 The Terms "Permeability" and "Hydraulic Conductivity". Darcy's Law. Applications of Darcy's Law: Seepage Forces and Piping. Darcy's Law in Terms of Discharge. Darcy's Law in Terms of Pressure Head and Elevation Head. Box 4-3 Piezometers and Manometers. Darcy's Velocity and Seepage Velocity. Validity of Darcy's Law: Laminar Flow and Turbulent Flow. Permeability Determinations. Worked Example 4-1 Laboratory Determination of Permeability. Classification of Soils. Classification of Rock. Box 4-4 Bernoulli Equation for Fluid Potential. Flow Nets to Predict Seepage: Assumptions. Sketching a Flow New. Interpreting a Flow Net. Calculations for Seepage Loss. Worked Example 5-1 Computing Seepage Loss from Dams. Flow through Stratified Soils: Hydrogeologic Assessment. Tangent Rule. Plan-View Flow Nets. Worked Example 5-2 The Use of Plan-View Nets to Compute Seepage Loss. Waste Impoundments and Landfills. Flow Nets for Surface-Water Flow. Seepage through Earthwork Impoundments. Box 5-1 Constructing an Accurate Phreatic Line through an Earthwork Impoundment. Seepage Forces and Design: Piping. Worked Example 6-1 Design Against Piping Failure by the Critical-Gradient Method. Worked Example 6-2 Effective-Stress Method. Worked Example 6-3 Creep-Ratio Method. Uplift Pressure. Worked Example 6-4 Design Against Uplift Pressure. Liquefaction. Design of Filters and Drains. Ground-Water Contamination and Cleanup: Ground-Water Quality and Contamination: Terminolgy. Water as a Solvent. Factors Influencing Water Quality. Geochemistry. Water Quality and Usability: Industrial Use. Drinking Water and Health. Contaminant Levels. Contamination Mechanics. Attenuation. Some Common Contaminants. Animal-Borne Diseases. Aquifer and Flow-Net Modeling: Box 8-1 Hydrologic Models. Hydrogeologic Model. Hydrological and Chemical Properties of Waste. Flow-Net Model. Unsaturated-Flow Model. Worked Example 8-1 Aquifer and Flow-Net Modeling. Prediction of Solute Transport and Attenuation: Hydrogeologic Criteria for Waste Disposal Sites. Flow Nets. Solute Attenuation. Predicting Solute Attenuation. Box 9-1 General Equation for Solute Transport. Worked Example 9-1 Chemical Mass Transport Equation. Ground Water Protection and Cleanup: Regulation and Beyond. Box 10-1 Underground Storage Tanks: Some Regulations in the United States. Protection Strategy: Classification of Ground Water. Wellhead Protection Strategy. Box 10-2 Wellhead Protection Strategy: A Case Study. Environmental Assessment. Contamination Assessment. Cleanup Technology: Plume Control. Ground-Water Cleanup. Alternative Cleanup Techniques. Cleanup of the Unsaturated Zone. Box 10-2 Salt-Water Intrusion: Planning Strategy. Waste Disposal and the Environment: Waste Disposal: An Historical Perspective. Recent Trends in Waste Disposal. Waste Disposal: First-Principle Considerations. Municipal Waste Disposal. Box 11-1 Refuse-To-Energy Plants. Hazardous Waste Disposal. Low-Level Nuclear Waste Disposal. High-Level Nuclear Waste Disposal. Ground-Water Applications to Civil Engineering Design: Foundation Stabilization and Construction Dewatering: History. Soil Stabilization. Waterproofing/Grouting. Construction Dewatering. Flow-Net Method: Design of Dewatering Systems. Worked Example 12-1 Estimate of Well-Point Pumping Rates: Excavation Dewatering by the Flow-Net Method. Well-Equation Method: Design of Dewatering Systems. Worked Example 12-2 Excavation Dewatering: Estimated Pumping Rate by the Well-Equation Method. Dewatering: Cutoffs, Supports, and Cofferdams. Hydrologic Aspects of Compaction and Slope Stability: Box 13-1 Measuring Compaction: Dry Density and Relative Density. Worked Example 13-1 Calculations for Dry Density and Relative Compaction. Hydrogeologic Aspects of Slope Stability. Well Hydraulics: Introduction to Well Theory: Aquifer Properties for Well-Impact Prediction. Worked Example 14-1 Use of Storativity to Predict Impacts on Aquifer Storage. Supporting Discussion on Storativity. Supporting parameters for Storativity. Compressibility of Water. Theis Equations for Analyzing Pumping-Test Data. Worked Example 14-2 Use of Transmissivity and Storativity to Predict Impacts of Pumping on an Aquifer. Analysis of Pumping-Test Data: Confined Aquifers: Theis Method. Worked Example 15-1 Theis Method. Cooper and Jacob (Straight-Line) Method. Box 15-1 Cooper and Jacob Approximation to the Theis Equation. Worked Example 15-2 Cooper and Jacob Method. Distance-Drawdown Method. Worked Example 15-3 Distance-Drawdown Method. Analysis of Pumping-Test Data: Unconfined Aquifers: Theis and Modified Solutions. Worked Example 16-1 Jacob Correction. Steady-State Radial Flow Method. Worked Example 16-2 Estimation of Well Yield Using an Equilibrium Well Equation. Multiple Type Curves for Unconfined Aquifers. Worked Example 16-3 Multiple Type-Curve Analysis for an Unconfined Aquifer.
Analysis of Pumping-Test Data: Leaky-Confined Aquifers and Slug Tests: Leaky Confined Aquifers (no storage in the confining layer). Worked Example 17-1 Curve-Matching Method. Worked Example 17-2 Prediction of Size of a Cone of Depression in a Leaky-Confined Aquifer. Leaky Confined Aquifer (with storage in the confining layer). Slug Tests. Hvorslev Slug-Test Method. Worked Example 17-3 Hvorslev Slug-Test Method. Slug Test: Curve-Matching Method. Worked Example 17-4 Slug Test Analysis: Curve-Matching Method. Design of Field Pumping Tests: Pumping Test Preparations: Phase 1. Worked Example 18-1 Location of a Pumping-Test Observation Well. Pumping Test Preparations: Phase 2. Running a Pumping Test. Real-World Aquifers. Aquifer Boundaries and Image Wells. Aquifer Boundaries and Design. Packer Tests. Worked Example 18-2 Double Packer Test in Saturated Rock. Box 18-1 Case History: Field Investigations for a Proposed Well Field-Deep Wells in Rock. Surface Water: Atmospheric Aspects of the Hydrologic Cycle: Weather and Climate. Box 19-1 The Panama Canal: Deforestation and Water Shortage. Evaporation. Worked Example 19-1 Nomograph for Determining Evaporation from Shallow Lakes. Transpiration and Evaporation. Evapotranspiration. Worked Example 19-2 Thornthwaite's Equation for Estimating Potential Evapotranspiration. Precipitation and Runoff: Conditions for Precipitation Occurrence. Forms of Precipitation. Average Basin Precipitation. Worked Example 20-1 Theisson Polygon Method. Worked Example 20-2 Arithmetic Mean Method. Rainfall and Runoff. Streamflow: Interaction of Surface Water and Ground Water. Measurement of Streamflow. Worked Example 21-1 Francis Equation for Calculating Discharge through a Rectangular Weir. Worked Example 21-2 Flow Using a Parshall Flume. Worked Example 21-3 Use of the Manning Equation. Hydrographs. Worked Example 21-4 Separation of a Storm

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Condizione: Nuovo
Dimensioni: 11 x 8.5 in Ø 4.20 lb
Formato: Copertina rigida
Illustration Notes:tabs.
Pagine Arabe: 722

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