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boyce peter robert - human factors in lighting

Human Factors in Lighting THIRD EDITION




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Dettagli

Genere:Libro
Lingua: Inglese
Editore:

CRC Press

Pubblicazione: 05/2014
Edizione: Edizione nuova, 3° edizione





Note Editore

The availability of electric lighting has changed the lives of people the world over, yet as a major user of electricity it has come under increasing scrutiny in recent years. This scrutiny has focused largely on the environmental consequences, with little consideration of the benefits of lighting. Human Factors in Lighting, Third Edition restores some balance to the discussion by examining the ways in which people interact with lighting. These interactions influence the ability to perform visual tasks; the perception of people, objects, and spaces; human comfort and behavior; as well as human health and safety. It is only by understanding how to use light to achieve these ends that lighting can be provided effectively and efficiently to the benefit of all. See What’s New in the Third Edition: New chapters on the non-image-forming system, lighting for pedestrians, light pollution, and lighting and electricity use Revision of all other chapters to update them to take into account the advances that have been made in our understanding of the effects of light on people over the last decade Integration of the combined effects of light via the visual and non-image-forming systems on performance and perception The book covers both the visual and the non-visual effects of light on people as well as the benefits of lighting and the costs it imposes on the environment. It details the consequences of exposure to lighting or lighting technology and the role of exposure to light on such basic functions of the body as circadian rhythms. The author combines information from many different sources and integrates them into a coherent overview of lighting practice that can be used to develop better lighting solutions at a lower environmental cost.




Sommario

FundamentalsLightIntroductionLight and RadiationCIE Standard ObserversPhotometric QuantitiesSome LimitationsColorimetric QuantitiesSources of LightControl of Light DistributionControl of Light OutputSummaryVisual SystemIntroductionStructure of the Visual SystemContinuous Adjustments of the Visual SystemCapabilities of the Visual SystemPerception through the Visual SystemSummaryNon-Image-Forming SystemIntroductionSome PhysiologyCircadian Timing SystemCharacteristics of the Circadian Timing SystemAwakening SystemPupil SizeProblems and PotentialSummaryGeneralitiesLighting and WorkIntroductionOverviewLight, Work, and the Visual SystemLight, Work, and the Non-Image-Forming SystemLight, Work, Mood, and MotivationSummaryLighting and Visual DiscomfortIntroductionCharacteristics of Visual DiscomfortGeneral Causes of Visual DiscomfortSpecific Causes of Visual DiscomfortDiscomfort, Performance, and BehaviourVisual Discomfort and Lighting QualitySummaryLighting and the Perception of Spaces and ObjectsIntroductionSimple PerceptionsHigher-Order PerceptionsPerception of ObjectsSummarySpecificsLighting for OfficesIntroductionIlluminanceLight Sources for Office LightingLighting SystemsLighting ControlsSummaryLighting for IndustryIntroductionProblems Facing Lighting in IndustryGeneral LightingLocalized and Task LightingVisual InspectionSpecial SituationsSummaryEscape LightingIntroductionEscape Lighting in ContextOperating ConditionsExit SignsEscape Route LightingSpecial SituationsEscape Lighting in PracticeSummaryLighting for DrivingIntroductionVehicle Forward LightingVehicle Signal LightingRoad LightingMarkings, Signs, and Traffic SignalsSummaryLighting for PedestriansIntroductionWhat Pedestrians Want from LightingLighting CriteriaLighting for Safe MovementLighting for SecurityLighting, Comfort, and AttractionCompleting the PictureSummaryLighting and CrimeIntroductionSome HistoryLighting as a Crime Prevention MeasureThe Reason WhyEssential Characteristics of LightingSpecial SituationsGeneralization and ValueSummaryLighting for the ElderlyIntroductionOptical Changes with AgeNeural Changes with AgeVision LossEffects of Age on Visual CapabilitiesEffects of Age on Real Visual TasksEffects of Age on the Circadian Timing SystemWhat Can Be Done to Offset the Effects of Age?SummaryLight and HealthIntroductionLight as RadiationLight Operating through the Visual SystemLight Operating through the Circadian Timing SystemUnresolved IssuesSummaryLight PollutionIntroductionForms of Light PollutionCauses of Light PollutionConsequences of Light PollutionReactions to Light PollutionLimiting Light PollutionThe FutureSummaryLighting and Electricity ConsumptionIntroductionLegal StatusTrends in Lighting RegulationTrends in Lighting RecommendationsDesignLoad SheddingSummaryThe Way AheadIntroductionBackgroundProblems with New TechnologyProblems with New KnowledgeProblems with Increased PressureResearch ApproachesNew ToolsEvaluating ResearchSummaryReferencesIndex










Altre Informazioni

ISBN:

9781439874882

Condizione: Nuovo
Dimensioni: 9 x 6 in Ø 2.15 lb
Formato: Brossura
Illustration Notes:255 b/w images, 46 tables and 33 equations
Pagine Arabe: 681


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