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Hazards Analysis Reducing the Impact of Disasters, Second Edition




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Dettagli

Genere:Libro
Lingua: Inglese
Editore:

CRC Press

Pubblicazione: 10/2014
Edizione: Edizione nuova, 2° edizione





Note Editore

The impacts of natural and man-made disasters have increased exponentially over the past few decades. Moreover, with our global interconnectedness and the growing scale of disasters, today's catastrophic disasters can have regional, national, and even global economic consequences.Following in the tradition of the successful first edition, Hazards Analysis: Reducing the Impact of Disasters, Second Edition provides a structure and process for understanding the nature of natural and human-caused disasters. Stressing the role of hazard risk management for public, private, and nonprofit organizations, the author and expert contributors cover problem solving, risk analysis, and risk communications to ensure readers are in a position to identify key problems associated with hazards and the risks that they present.The book details a systematic process of hazards identification, vulnerability determination, and consequence assessment for the natural, built, and human environment. Using a cross-disciplinary approach, this book effectively demonstrates how to use the results of vulnerability assessment, spatial analysis, and community planning to reduce adverse disaster outcomes and foster social, economic, and environmental sustainability. Throughout, the book stresses that hazards analysis is not an isolated process but one that must engage the local community.Complete with clearly set objectives, key terms, discussion questions, satellite images and maps, and ancillary websites for further study, this authoritative guide covers every element of the hazard analysis process in a step-by-step format. Hazards Analysis presents time-proven strategies for building sustainable communities, identifying and prioritizing risks, and establishing successful disaster prevention and relief strategies prior to a disaster.




Sommario

Introduction to Hazards Analysis; John C. PineObjectivesKey TermsIssueIntroductionTerminology of HazardsViews of Extreme Natural Events as Primary Causes of DisastersA Changing Hazards ParadigmHazards AnalysisHazard IdentificationVulnerability AnalysisRisk AnalysisLinking Hazards Analysis to Risk and Comprehensive Emergency Management Communicating Risk from a Hazards Analysis Community Involvement Values in Community EngagementConclusionsDiscussion QuestionsApplicationsWebsitesReferencesHazards Identification; John C. PineObjectivesKey TermsIssueIntroductionHazards Identification ProcessOrganizing a Hazards Identification TeamCreating a Community Profile Community Assets Environmental or Natural Assets and RisksSources of Hazards Data Social Assets Economic and Constructed Assets Infrastructure Critical Facilities Economic ActivitiesMapping Community Assets and HazardsInterdependence of CommunitiesIdentifying Community ProblemsProblem-Solving ProcessProblem Solving in a Nonstructured EnvironmentDecision TrapsPerception of Risks by CitizensConclusionsDiscussion QuestionsApplicationsWebsites Population Data Health Data Environmental Data Transportation Energy Business StatisticsMapping ResourcesReferencesModeling Natural- and Human-Caused Hazards; John C. PineObjectivesKey TermsIssueRole of Hazard Modeling in Hazards AnalysisAn Example of a Hazard ModelNature and Types of Models Dynamic Models Deterministic ProbabilisticModels Used in Hazards Analysis HAZUS-MH ModelEvacuation Transportation ModelingModeling Community ResilienceCommunicating Risks from ModelsAssessing Hazard Models Validity Quality Availability of Model Documentation Data Accuracy, Resolution, and AvailabilityCoupling Models with GISStatic versus Adaptable OutputsUses of Model Outputs Timeliness CompletenessAdvantages and Disadvantages of Hazard ModelsModel LimitationsHazard ProfilesSources of Hazard Information for the Hazard Profile Description of Hazard Magnitude Frequency of Occurrence Seasonal Pattern Duration Speed of Onset Availability of Warnings Location and Spatial ExtentConclusionsDiscussion QuestionsApplications National Flood Insurance Program Hazard Profile Sample for a TornadoWebsitesAvalanchesDam SafetyDroughtEarthquakesFloodingLandslidesSnowTornadoesTsunamisWildfiresReferencesSpatial Analysis; John C. PineObjectivesKey TermsIssueIntroductionDefinition of Spatial AnalysisGeospatial Data SetSpatial Data QualityTypes of Spatial Analysis QueriesUsing Spatial Analysis to Answer Questions Transformations Buffering Descriptive Summaries Optimization Techniques Hypothesis TestingSpatial Data VisualizationChoropleth MapsConclusionsDiscussion QuestionsApplicationsWebsitesReferencesRisk Analysis: Assessing the Risks of Hazards; Kevin L. Shirley and John C. PineObjectivesKey TermsIntroductionProcess of Risk AnalysisWhat Is Risk? Quantitative Analysis of Risk Quantitative Analysis of Likelihood Quantitative Analysis of Consequence Qualitative Analysis of Risk Qualitative Analysis of Likelihood Qualitative Analysis of ConsequenceViews of RiskUsing Historical Data in Determining RiskNeed for Complete Accurate Data for Decision MakingUsing Technical Data in Decision MakingIndicators of Direct and Indirect LossesIssues in Risk Analysis Changes in Disaster Frequency Availability of Essential Data Depth of AnalysisRanking of Risks Quantitative Data Likelihood–Consequence Matrix Risk Strategies Mandatory Risk Level Extremely Low Likelihood of Risk Accept the Risk Determining Risk Acceptability Personal Political/Social EconomicHazard Models Uncertainty Logic Tree Monte Carlo Method or Simulation Uncertainty Expressed in Interval EstimatesSummaryDiscussion QuestionsApplicationsWebsitesReferencesSocial, Economic, and Ecological Vulnerability; John C. PineObjectivesKey TermsIntroductionApproaches to VulnerabilityDimensions of Vulnerability Social and Human Vulnerability Economic Vulnerability Environmental VulnerabilityMeasuring Vulnerability Indicators of Social Conditions Indicators of Economic Conditions Indicators of Environmental ConditionsMethodological Issues Scale of Analysis Weighting, Data Availability, and Accuracy Type and Scope of Measures Interdependence of Social, Economic, and Ecological CapitalDiscussion QuestionsApplicationsWebsitesReferencesRisk Communication; John C. Pine and Stephen L. Guillot, Jr.ObjectivesKey TermsIssueIntroductionRisk CommunicationRisk Communication ProcessBarriers in Risk CommunicationRisk Communication Tools Communicating Risks with Maps Use of FiguresSocial MediaTargeting Specific AudiencesRisk Communication MythsManaging RisksDecision MakingCommunity EngagementStakeholders InvolvementEthics and Decision MakingLegal Issues in Decision MakingIndemnificationAcknowledging Risk as a Part of Risk CommunicationLearning as a Part of Risk CommunicationDiscussion QuestionsApplicationsWebsitesReferencesHazards Risk Management Process; Greg ShawObjectivesKey TermsIssueIntroductionTerminologyRisk ManagementHazards Risk Management Framing QuestionsFramework for Hazards Risk ManagementComponents of the Hazards Risk Management Process Communicate and Consult Monitor and Review Step 1: Establish the context Step 2: Identify the hazards Step 3: Assess the hazard risk Step 4: Sort the hazards by risk magnitude Step 5: Analyze the risks from each hazard Step 6: Group and prioritize the hazard risks and consider risk management interventionsApplication of the Hazards Risk Management Process Overview Step 1: Establish the context Step 2: Identify the hazards Step 3: Assess the hazards risk Step 4: Sort the hazards by risk magnitude Step 5: Analyze the risks from each hazard Step 6: Group and prioritize the hazard risks and consider risk management interventionsHazards Risk Management and Comprehensive Emergency ManagementDiscussion QuestionsApplicationsWebsitesReferencesPlanning for Sustainable and Disaster-Resilient Communities; Gavin SmithObjectivesKey TermsIntroductionSustainability, Disaster Resilience Climate Change Adaptation, and Hazard Mitigation PlanningHazard Mitigation Planning Policy FrameworkHazard Mitigation PlanPower of Plan Making: Tools and Process Planning Process: Building Stakeholder Capacity to Confront HazardsDiscussion QuestionsApplications You Be the PlannerWebsitesReferencesCreating Disaster-Resilient Communities: A New Natural Hazards Risk Management Framework; Gavin SmithObjectivesKey TermsIntroductionHazard Mitigation PoliciesEmergent National Climate Change Adaptation PolicyNew Natural Hazards Risk Management Policy Framework Expand Natural Hazards Analysis to Include Sustainable Development and Disaster-Resilient Themes Use Risk Assessment Findings to Guide Land Use and Scenario-Based Planning ThatAssesses Current and Future Vulnerability Assess Hazard Risk Management Policies, Programs, Plans, and Projects as Part of a Larger Effort to Build Local Capacity and Self-Reliance through a Risk Governance Strategy Balance Incentives and Penalties Affecting Human SettlementPattern Adjustments: A Critical Look at Existing Hazard Mitigation Programs Assess Losses Avoided and Build Disaster-Resilient Communities in the Age of Climate ChangeRecommendations for Action Draw Lessons from a National Assessment of Local Hazard Mitigation Plans Place a Greater Emphasis on Land-Use Decisions and Human Settlement Patterns Establish a Robust Training and Capacity-Building Approach Enact Sanctions for Low-Performing States and Communities that Underperform and Provide Benefits to Communities and States that Develop Enhanced Hazard Mitigation Plans Engage Professional Land-Use Planners in the Implementation of the Proposed Natural Hazards Management Framework Facilitate the Use of Planners as Agents of Social Change and Policy Learning Include Hazards Analysis in Planning for Climate ChangeSummary and ConclusionsDiscussion QuestionsApplications You Be the Policy Analyst You Be the PlannerReferencesIndex




Autore

John C. Pine serves as the director of the Research Institute for Environment, Energy & Economics (RIEEE), and professor in thedepartment of Geography and Planning, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina. He joined the Appalachian faculty in 2009 after serving thirty years at Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge where he directed the graduate and undergraduate Disaster Science and Management Program. At Louisiana State University, he was a professor in the Department of Geography and Anthropology and the department of Environmental Sciences. His research on disasters and emergency management centers on emergency planning, risk assessment, and disaster recovery.He has worked for many years with public agencies at the federal, state, and local levels as well as non-profit and private entities to identify strategies to enhance preparedness and community sustainability. His publications focus on hazards and disasters including Technology and Emergency Management from John Wiley (2007) and Tort Liability Today from the Public Risk Management Association (2005). He is currentlyon the board of directors of the National Committee for the New River, the Learning Lodge at Grandfather Mountain, and an advisory board for the American Meteorological Society. His publications have been included in The Journal of Disaster Studies, Policy and Management, Disasters, Journal of Race and Society, International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, Oceanography, Journal of Emergency Management, Natural Disaster Review, Journal of Environmental Health, and the Journal of Hazardous Materials. He received his doctorate in higher education administration and public administration from the University of Georgia, Athens, in 1979.







Altre Informazioni

ISBN:

9781482228915

Condizione: Nuovo
Dimensioni: 9.25 x 6.125 in Ø 1.45 lb
Formato: Copertina rigida
Illustration Notes:64 b/w images
Pagine Arabe: 338






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