Introduction Fons J. R. van de Vijver, Athanasios Chasiotis and Seger M. Breugelmans; Part I. Setting the Stage: 1. Fundamental questions of cross-cultural psychology Fons J. R. van de Vijver, Athanasios Chasiotis and Seger M. Breugelmans; Part II. Explanation of Cross-Cultural Differences: 2. Past and present of cross-cultural psychology Gustav Jahoda; 3. The continuing challenge of discovering psychological 'order' across cultures Walter J. Lonner; 4. The ecocultural framework: a stocktaking John W. Berry; 5. Frameworks for explaining cross-cultural variance: a meta-analytic examination of their usefulness Dianne A. van Hemert; 6. The relationship between individual and culture Seger M. Breugelmans; Part III. Methods for Studying Culture: 7. A fourfold conceptual framework for cultural and cross-cultural psychology: relativism, construct universalism, repertoire universalism, and absolutism Johnny R. J. Fontaine; 8. About chicken and eggs: four methods for investigating culture-behaviour links Ronald Fischer; 9. Qualitative and mixed methods research in cross-cultural psychology Alison Karasz; 10. Bias and real differences in cross-cultural differences: neither friends nor foes Fons J. R. van de Vijver; Part IV. The Role of Development: 11. Cross-cultural research in the cultural historical activity theory tradition ?ichael Cole, Boris G. Meshcheryakov and I. V. Ponomariov; 12. Self, family, and culture: what is common, what changes? Çigdem Kagitçibasi; 13. Biology, culture, and development: conceptual and methodological considerations Heidi Keller; 14. Differences and universals in families across cultures James Georgas; 15. An epigenetic view on culture: what evolutionary developmental psychology has to offer for cross-cultural psychology Athanasios Chasiotis; Part V. Concepts of Culture: 16. Cross-cultural differences as meaning systems Lutz H. Eckensberger; 17. Ulysses returns: lessons from the logbook of a cross-cultural wayfarer Michael Harris Bond; 18. Values: cultural and individual Shalom H. Schwartz; 19. The cultural contexts of organisational behaviour Peter B. Smith; 20. Rethinking culture and the self: some basic principles and their implications Chi-yue Chiu and Young-hoon Kim; Part VI. Conclusion: 21. Research on behavior-and-culture: current ideas and future projections Ype H. Poortinga.