Fundamental Mathematical Structures Of Quantum Theory - Moretti Valter | Libro Springer 07/2019 - HOEPLI.it


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Fundamental Mathematical Structures of Quantum Theory Spectral Theory, Foundational Issues, Symmetries, Algebraic Formulation




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Dettagli

Genere:Libro
Lingua: Inglese
Editore:

Springer

Pubblicazione: 07/2019
Edizione: 1st ed. 2019





Sommario

General Phenomenology of the Quantum World and Elementary Formalism.- Hilbert Spaces and Classes of Operators.- Observables and States in General Hilbert Spaces: Spectral Theory.- Fundamental Quantum Structures on Hilbert Spaces.- Realism, Non-Contextuality, Local Causality, Entanglement.- von Neumann Algebras of Observables and Superselection Rules.- Quantum Symmetries.- The Algebraic Formulation.





Trama

This textbook presents in a concise and self-contained way the advanced fundamental mathematical structures in quantum theory. It is based on lectures prepared for a 6 months course for MSc students. The reader is introduced to the beautiful interconnection between logic, lattice theory, general probability theory, and general spectral theory including the basic theory of von Neumann algebras and of the algebraic formulation, naturally arising in the study of the mathematical machinery of quantum theories. Some general results concerning hidden-variable interpretations of QM such as Gleason's and  the Kochen-Specker theorems and the related notions of realism and non-contextuality are carefully discussed. This is done also in relation  with the famous Bell (BCHSH) inequality concerning local causality.

Written in a didactic style, this book includes many examples and solved exercises.

The work is organized as follows. Chapter 1 reviews some elementary facts and properties of quantum systems. Chapter 2 and 3 present the main results of spectral analysis in complex Hilbert spaces. Chapter 4 introduces the point of view of the orthomodular lattices' theory. Quantum theory form this perspective turns out to the probability measure theory on the non-Boolean lattice of elementary observables and Gleason's theorem characterizes all these measures. Chapter 5 deals with some philosophical and interpretative aspects of quantum theory like hidden-variable formulations of QM. The Kochen-Specker theorem and its implications are analyzed also in relation BCHSH inequality, entanglement, realism, locality, and non-contextuality. Chapter 6 focuses on the algebra of observables also in the presence of superselection rules introducing the notion of von Neumann algebra. Chapter 7 offers the idea of (groups of) quantum symmetry, in particular, illustrated in terms of Wigner and Kadison theorems. Chapter 8 deals with the elementary ideas and results of the so called algebraic formulation of quantum theories in terms of both *-algebras and C*-algebras.

This book should appeal to a dual readership: on one hand mathematicians that wish to acquire the tools that unlock the physical aspects of quantum theories; on the other physicists eager to solidify their understanding of the mathematical scaffolding of quantum theories.






Autore

Prof. Valter Moretti is Full Professor of Mathematical Physics at the University of Trento (Italy). His research interests include rigorous quantum field theory in curved spacetime, mathematical aspects of quantum mechanics and general relativity, the applications of operator algebras, functional analysis and global analysis to quantum field theory, and mathematical (analytic and geometric) methods for physics.







Altre Informazioni

ISBN:

9783030183455

Condizione: Nuovo
Dimensioni: 235 x 155 mm Ø 694 gr
Formato: Copertina rigida
Illustration Notes:1 Illustrations, black and white
Pagine Arabe: 337
Pagine Romane: xiii






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