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jankowicz-cieslak joanna (curatore); ingelbrecht ivan l. (curatore) - efficient screening techniques to identify mutants with tr4 resistance in banana

Efficient Screening Techniques to Identify Mutants with TR4 Resistance in Banana Protocols

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Dettagli

Genere:Libro
Lingua: Inglese
Editore:

Springer

Pubblicazione: 06/2022
Edizione: 1st ed. 2022





Trama

Bananas are a staple food for over 500 million people and are also an important cash crop. Fusarium wilt, caused by the fungus Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense, is one of the most destructive diseases of banana globally. Since the 1990s, an aggressive variant of this fungus, called Tropical Race 4 (TR4), severely affected banana plantations in Southeast Asia from where it spread to other continents, including Latin America, where the global banana export market is primarily centred. TR4 is a soil borne pathogen making the disease difficult to contain.  

The Joint FAO/IAEA Centre of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture implemented a Coordinated Research Project (CRP) ‘Efficient Screening Techniques to Identify Mutants with Disease Resistance for Coffee and Banana” (2015-2020). This CRP brought together experts from Asia, Europe and Africa in addition to experts of the Joint FAO/IAEA Centre to develop resistance against TR4 through mutation-assisted breeding. Induced mutagenesis is particularly attractive in case of banana since most cultivated bananas are seedless, thus hampering conventional cross breeding.

This Open Access book is a compilation of the protocols developed under the CRP specifically for TR4. The first part covers methods for mutation induction, including the integrated use of innovative single-cell culture with mutagenesis techniques. The book also describes up-to-date phenotypic screening methods for TR4 resistance in banana under field-, greenhouse- and laboratory conditions.  Finally, molecular and bioinformatics tools for genome-wide mutation discovery following Next Generation Sequencing are also described.

Given the imminent threat of Fusarium Wilt TR4 on banana production globally, it is our hope and intention that the book will serve as a timely reference and guide for banana breeders and pathologists worldwide who are committed to the genetic improvement of banana for Fusarium wilt resistance.





Sommario

Tentative Chapter Title:

1.     Embryogenic callus induction and mutation breeding of Musa AAA

2.     Physical mutagenesis and population development in Musa spp.

3.     A reliable phenotyping assay for FOC-TR4 resistance in bananas

4.     Pre-screening of banana mutants for Fusarium wilt resistance by using an in vitro bioassay

5.     Pre-screening: in vitro based mass-screening techniques for early selection of banana mutants resistant to Fusarium wilt

6.     An optimized greenhouse protocol for screening banana plants for Fusarium wilt resistance

7.     Field Screening of Gamma-Irradiated Cavendish Bananas

8.     A lab-based hydroponic system for the early detection of Fusarium wilt TR4 resistance

9.     Protocol for enhanced low-cost tissue culture methods using bioreactors

10.  Low-cost in-vitro methods for generation advancement in banana mutation breeding

11.  A protocol for detection of large chromosome variations in banana using Next Generation Sequencing

12.  Mutation detection using Low Coverage Copy Number Variation

13. Protocols for chromosome preparation, molecular cytogenetics and studying genome organization in Musaceae





Autore

Joanna Jankowicz-Cieslak is a plant molecular biologist (and genome scientist) with over 17 years’ experience in the field of molecular biology, genomics and crop improvement with the use of mutation breeding techniques. She holds a PhD in biological sciences from the Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland (2011) and a Habilitation degree in biology from the University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland (2019) for her work on mutation induction and functional genomics of plants of special importance in the global South. Her research is focused on the development and adaptation of new tools, protocols and guidelines for mutation induction and discovery in vegetatively propagated crops such as banana. She has extensive experience with induced mutagenesis, in vitro tissue culture, and the application of genomics tools for mutation detection in banana. She has established the first reverse genetics approach for banana and showed that induced mutations in banana are stably inherited over successive in vitro generations. She (co-) authored over 60 original research papers, monographs and book chapters as well as co-edited three protocol books.

 

Ivan L. Ingelbrecht is involved at the Joint FAO/IAEA Centre of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture at the IAEA (www.iaea.org) as Head of the Plant Breeding and Genetics Laboratory in the coordination of R&D in the field of mutation-assisted plant breeding. Since 1994 he has worked on the development of modern biotechnology and molecular genetics tools for the improvement of banana, sugarcane, sorghum and cassava for universities and international organizations in Africa, Europe, and the USA. He has extensive expertise in R&D project management as a project lead and senior R&D Manager at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Nigeria (www.iita.org) (2001-2010). His current research is focused on integrating genomics technologies with advanced cell culture and conventional mutagenesis techniques of banana, coffee and sorghum for improved food and nutrition security, climate change adaptation, and transboundary disease resistance. He has published over 80 research items, including 56 peer-reviewed journal articles, co-authored 3 books and 6 book chapters in the field of plant breeding and biotechnology. He holds a PhD in Plant Molecular Biology from Ghent University, Belgium (1993).










Altre Informazioni

ISBN:

9783662649145

Condizione: Nuovo
Dimensioni: 235 x 155 mm Ø 462 gr
Formato: Copertina rigida
Illustration Notes:XVI, 187 p. 1 illus.
Pagine Arabe: 187
Pagine Romane: xvi


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