This book analyzes the formation and evolution of the giant hydrocarbon reservoirs based on major basins onshore China. It discusses exploration and research advantages of major basins in China, such as Sichuan, Tarim, and Ordos Basins and also systematically analyzes and summarizes the formation conditions, distribution rules, and main controlling factors of deep oil and gas fields. On this basis, it forecasts the exploration prospect of China's onshore deep oil and gas, providing theoretical guidance and technical support for deep oil and gas exploration breakthrough and large-scale reserves growth. This book focuses on the analysis and discussion of hydrocarbon generation mechanism of deep-paleo source rocks, discusses the accumulation rules of cross-structural reservoir formation and oil-gas enrichment in ancient strata, the combination of gypsum-salt rocks and carbonate rocks, the potential of oil and gas accumulation under salt, the main controlling factors and distribution rules of deep oil and gas fields, and preliminarily grasps the geological understanding of the formation and distribution of deep-large oil and gas fields, namely ?abundant hydrocarbon supplied by two types of source kitchens, ?three large-scale lithologic reservoir rocks, ?hydrocarbon accumulation controlled by three paleoes (paleouplift, paleoplatform margin, and paleofaults), and ?reservoir formation across major tectonic periods. The book serves as a guidance for both researchers and students majoring in petroleum geology and other related fields.
Chapter 1. Introduction.- Chapter 2. Deep Source Rocks and Generation Mechanism.- Chapter 3. Formation Mechanism of Deep Reservoir.- Chapter 4. Formation and Distribution of Deep Hydrocarbon Fields.- Chapter 5. Prospect of Exploration of Deep Hydrocarbon Fields Onshore China.
Suyun Hu, professor and doctoral supervisor of Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development, has been engaged in the field of hydrocarbon resource evaluation, hydrocarbon accumulation, and exploration evaluation for a long time, with 15 provincial and ministerial awards and 16 authorized invention patents. He won the second prize of National Science and Technology Progress Award in 2005 and the 16th Li Siguang Geoscience Prize in 2019, and he has been receiving the special government allowance of the State Council since 2015.
Tongshan Wang, senior engineer and master supervisor of Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development, has been engaged in the research of deep marine hydrocarbon accumulation mechanism and exploration evaluation, with 5 provincial and ministerial science and technology awards, 4 authorized invention patents, and 1 software copyright. He won the Sun Yueqi Youth Science and Technology Award in 2015 and was bestowed the “Top Ten Scientific and Technological Progress” of Geological Society of China in 2016.
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