Chemical Analysis of Firearms, Ammunition, and Gunshot Residue, Second Edition continues in the tradition of the popular first edition, filling the void in forensic texts on the subject. While most books on firearms focus solely on the physical aspects of firearms, this book addresses forensic issues relating to the chemical aspects of firearms and ammunition. It draws on the latest published literature including books, scientific papers, technical reports, manufacturer’s literature, newspaper articles, and personal observations and research conducted by the author.
This edition is fully updated, introducing the history and development of firearms and ammunition including advances in the chemical analysis of them. Several changes in primer compositions and the particle classification system are addressed with new techniques added on evidence collection and testing methods. Coverage details chemical aspects of forensic firearms casework with particular emphasis on the detection of gunshot residues (GSR), firearm discharge residues (FDR), and cartridge discharge residues (CDR) on a suspect’s skin and clothing surfaces. Two new chapters have been added. One deals with unusual firearms case while the other summarizes a controversial, high-profile Australian case involving inorganic and organic gunshot residue, highlighting the dangers of incorrect forensic evidence and the increased need for careful training of forensic scientists.
The book will serves as a useful to forensic chemists, investigators, ballistics experts, among other professionals serving in a variety of forensic disciplines.
Part II. Historical Aspects of Firearms and Ammunition
2. History of Gunpowder
3. History of Ignition Systems
4. History of Bullets
5. History of Ammunition
6. History of Firearms
Part III. Chemical Aspects of Firearms and Ammunition
7. Cartridge Cases
8. Primer Cups (Caps)
9. Priming Compositions
12. Complementary Ammunition Components
13. Caseless Ammunition
14. Blank Ammunition
15. Firearm Construction Materials
Part IV. Firearm Discharge Residue
16. Firearm Discharge Residue Techniques
17. Properties of Firearm Discharge Residue
Part V. Experimental
18. Scenes of Crime Experiences
19. Objectives, Sampling Procedures, Instrumentation, and Conditions
20. Particle Classification Scheme
21. Casework Related Tests
22. Analysis of Ammunition
23. Ammunition Containing Mercury
24. Lead Free Ammunition
Part VI. Suspect Processing Procedures
25. Firearm Discharge Residue Sampling
26. Sampling of Skin and Clothing Surfaces for Firearm Discharge Residue
27. Development of a Method for Organic Firearm Discharge Residue Detection
28. Consequences of Incorrect GSR Evidence
Dr. James Smyth Wallace is a retired forensic scientist who worked in the firearms section of the Northern Ireland Forensic Science Laboratory for nearly 25 years. He worked numerous complex and controversial cases including a number of terrorist-related incidents. Previously a member of the Forensic Science Service, he is interested in quality assurance, crime scene examination, and all aspects of research in the development of chemical examinations relating to firearms casework.
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