Caliphs And Merchants - Bessard Fanny | Libro Oxford University Press 10/2020 -

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Caliphs and Merchants Cities and Economies of Power in the Near East (700-950)

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Lingua: Inglese
Pubblicazione: 10/2020

Note Editore

Caliphs and Merchants: Cities and Economies of Power in the Near East (700-950) offers fresh perspectives on the origins of the economic success of the early Islamic Caliphate, identifying a number of previously unnoticed or underplayed yet crucial developments, such as the changing conditions of labour, attitudes towards professional associations, and the interplay between the state, Islamic religious institutions, and the economy. Moving beyond the well-studied transition between the death of Justinian in 565 and the Arab-Muslim conquests in the seventh century, the volume focuses on the period between 700 and 950 during which the Islamic world asserted its identity and authority. Whilst the extraordinary prosperity of Near Eastern cities and economies during this time was not unprecedented when one considers the early Imperial Roman world, the aftermath of the Arab-Muslim conquests saw a deep transformation of urban retail and craft which marked a distinct break from the past. It explores the mechanisms effecting these changes, from the increasing involvement of caliphs and their governors in the patronage of urban economies, to the empowerment of enriched entrepreneurial tagir from the ninth century. Combining detailed analysis of a large corpus of literary sources in Arabic with presentation of new physical and epigraphic evidence, and utilizing an innovative approach which is both comparative and global, the discussion lucidly locates the Middle East within the contemporary Eurasian context and draws instructive parallels between the Islamic world and Western Christendom, Byzantium, South-East Asia, and China.


0 - Introduction
1 - The Historical Context
2 - A Stamp of Authority
3 - New Perspectives on Urban Economic Planning
3a - Conclusion
4 - Artisans to Producers
5 - Reshaping Market-Places
5a - Conclusion
6 - Money Supply and Currency
7 - Islamifying the Economy
7a - Conclusion
8 - The Evolution of Labour Patterns
9 - Twilight of the Clerical and Landowning Elite, Rise of Tuggar
9a - Conclusion
10 - Conclusion


Fanny Bessard is a historian of early and classical Islam with expertise in Arabic historiography, as well as a practicing archaeologist with a decade of field experience in the Near East and Central Asia. Before joining the University of Oxford she held a Newton International Fellowship at SOAS (2013-15), a Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship at the University of St Andrews (2015-16), and a Lectureship in the Department of Historical Studies at the University of Bristol (2016-19). Her main research interests lie in the social and economic transformations of the Near East from 700 to 1000.

Altre Informazioni



Condizione: Nuovo
Collana: Oxford Studies in Byzantium
Dimensioni: 241 x 24.0 x 163 mm Ø 1 gr
Formato: Copertina rigida
Illustration Notes:106 black-and-white and colour illustrations and 3 maps
Pagine Arabe: 400

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