Analyzing T Cell Responses - Nagorsen Dirk (Curatore); Marincola Francesco M. (Curatore) | Libro Springer 09/2005 - HOEPLI.it


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nagorsen dirk (curatore); marincola francesco m. (curatore) - analyzing t cell responses

Analyzing T Cell Responses How to analyze cellular immune responses against tumor associated antigens

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Dettagli

Genere:Libro
Lingua: Inglese
Editore:

Springer

Pubblicazione: 09/2005
Edizione: 2005





Trama

Active specific immunotherapy is a promising but investigational modality in the management of cancer patients. Currently, several different cancer vaccine formulations such as peptides, proteins, antigen-pulsed dendritic cells, whole tumor cells, etc. in combination with various adjuvants and carriers are being evaluated in clinical trials (1-3). To determine the optimal cancer vaccine strategy, a surrogate immunological end-point that correlates with clinical outcome needs to be defined, since it would facilitate the rapid comparison of these various formulations. Traditional immunological assays such as ELISA, proliferation and cytotoxicity assays can detect immune responses in vaccinated patients but are not quantitative. In contrast, novel assays such as enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) assay, intracellular cytokine assay and tetramer assay can quantitate the frequency of antigen-specific T cells. Of these, the ELISPOT assay has the 5 lowest detection limit with 1/10 peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and has been determined to be one of the most useful assays to evaluate immune response to cancer vaccines (4). However, the IFN-? ELISPOT assay is not an exclusive measure of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) activity as non-cytotoxic cells can also secrete IFN-?. Additionally, CTL with lytic activity do not always secrete IFN-? (5). A more relevant approach to assess functional activity of cytotoxic lymphocytes would be to measure the secretion of molecules that are associated with lytic activity. One of the major mechanisms of cell-mediated cytotoxicity involves exocytosis of cytoplasmic granules from the effector toward the target cell.




Sommario

Chapter 1: Monitoring Antigen-Specific T Cell Responses; Dirk Nagorsen, Francesco M. Marincola

Chapter 2: Tumor Associated Antigens; Paul F. Robbins

Chapter 3: Immune Escape, Tumor induced immune suppression and immune escape: Mechanisms and Possible Solutions; Theresa L. Whiteside, Michael Campoli, Soldano Ferrone

Chapter 4: Virus Specific T-Cell Responses; Victor Appay

Chapter 5: Cytotoxicity Assays Killer Lymphocytes in Cancer; Gideon Berke & William R. Clark

Chapter 6: Monitoring T Cell Proliferation; Philip D. Hodgkin, Edwin D. Hawkins, Jhaguaral Hasbold, Amanda V. Gett, Elissa K. Deenick, Hilary F. Todd & Mirja Hommel

Chapter 7: Elispot Assay, Assessment of Cellular Immune Responses to Anti-Cancer Vaccines; Theresa L. Whiteside

Chapter 8: Modified Elispot, Modifications of the Elispot Assay for T Cell Monitoring in Cancer Vaccine Trials; Anatoli Malyguine

Chapter 9: Intracellular Cytokine Staining, Cytokine flow cytometry for characterization of tumor-specific T cell responses; Carmen Scheibenbogen, Anne Letsch, Anne Marie Asemissen, Alexander Schmittel, Eckhard Thiel & Ulrich Keilholz

Chapter 10: Cytometric Cytokine Secretion Assay, Detection and Isolation of Antigen-Specific T Cells; Mario Assenmacher

Chapter 11: Peptide/MHC Tetramer Analysis; Peter P. Lee & Francesco M. Marincola

Chapter 12: In Situ MHC Tetramer Staining, In Situ Tetramers; Pamela J. Skinner

Chapter 13: MHC-IG Dimeric Molecules, Dimers - MHC-Ig dimeric molecules for the analysis of antigen-specific T cell responses; Tim F. Greten & Firouzeh Korangy

Chapter 14: TCR Analyses, T-cell receptor CDR3 analysis: Molecular fingerprinting of the T-cell receptor repertoire; Markus J. Maeurer

Chapter 15: Peptide/HLA-GFP Complexes, Detection of Antigen-Specific T Cells by Acquisition of Peptide/Hla-Gfp Complexes; Utano Tomaru, Yoshihisa Yamano & Steven Jacobson

Chapter 16: QRT-PCR, Quantitative RT-PCR for the Analysis of T cell Responses in Immunized Cancer Patients; Udai S. Kammula

Chapter 17: Microarrays, Gene expression profiling approaches for the monitoring of anti-cancer immune responses; Ena Wang

Concluding Remarks; Dirk Nagorsen & Francesco M. Marincola








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Altre Informazioni

ISBN:

9781402036224

Condizione: Nuovo
Dimensioni: 232 x 156 mm Ø 800 gr
Formato: Copertina rigida
Pagine Arabe: 314
Pagine Romane: xii






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