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This book informs about knowledge gain in soil and land degradation to reduce or prevent it for meeting the mission of the Sustainable Developments Goals of the United Nations. Essence, extent, monitoring methods and implications for ecosystem functioning of main soil degradation types are characterized in overview chapters and case studies.
Challenges, approaches and data towards identification of degradation in the frame of improving functionality, health and multiple ecosystem services of soil are demonstrated in the studies of international expert teams. The book consists of five parts, containing 5–12 single chapters each and 36 in total. Parts are explaining (I) Concepts and Indicators, (II) Soil Erosion and Compaction, (III) Soil Contamination, (IV) Soil Carbon and Fertility Monitoring and (V) Soil Survey and Mapping of Degradation
The primary audience of this book are scientists of different disciplines, decision-makers, farmers and further informed people dealing with sustainable management of soil and land.
Part I: Soil Degradation in the Landscape Context: Concepts and Indicators
1. Understanding Soils: their Functions, Use and Degradation
2. Types of Physical Soil Degradation and Implications for their Prevention and Monitoring
3. Understanding and Monitoring Chemical and Biological Soil Degradation
4. Classification and causes of soil degradation by irrigation in Russian steppe agrolandscapes.
5. Desertification in Western Siberia: identification, assessment and driving forces in temporal scale.
6. Environmental and economic assessment of land degradation in different regions of Russian Plain.
Part II: Studies in Soil Erosion and Compaction
7. Measurement and assessment of snowmelt erosion in Western Siberia.
8. The potential impact of climate change and land use on future soil erosion: an example of the Vranjska Valley (southeast Serbia).
9. Ground-based dust deposition monitoring in the Aral Sea basin.
10. Tillage erosion accelerates water erosion in a hilly landscape.
11. Risks and permissible rates of soil erosion in the agrolandscapes of Crimea
12. Effect of deer browsing and clear-cutting of trees on soil erosion in a forest ecosystem in Japan.
13. Soil compaction due to agricultural field traffic: an overview of current knowledge and techniques for compaction quantification and mapping.
14. Modeling of field traffic intensity and soil compaction risks in agricultural landscapes.
Part III: Soil Contamination: Methods and Case Studies
15. Ecotoxicological assessment of brownfield soil by bioassay.
16. Methodology for the preparation and study of multicomponent certified reference materials of soils contaminated with heavy metals
17. Bioaugmentation and biostimulation: comparison of long-term effects on ecotoxicity and biological activity of oil-contaminated soil.
18. Environmental Pollution in the vicinity of Aluminum Smelter in Siberia.
19. Technogenic fluorine in the Siberian steppe soils due to a metallurgical plant
20. Contamination of agroecosystem with stable strontium due to liming: an overview and the experimental data.
21. Concentration, background values and limits of potential toxic elements in soils of Central Serbia.
22. The impact of weathering and revegetation on pedological characteristics and pollutant dispersion control at coal fly ash disposal sites.
23. Impact of flood disaster on agricultural land and crop contamination at the confluence of the Bosna river.
24. Hardly soluble and mobile forms of heavy metals in soils of the Volga Steppes.
25. Impact of tailing outflow on soil quality around the former Stolice mine (Serbia).
26. Hazards and Usability of Coal Fly Ash.
Part IV: Soil Carbon and Fertility Monitoring
27. Crop Yield Limitation by Soil Organic Matter Decline: A Case Study from the US Pacific Northwest.
28. Changes in the composition and dynamics of soil humus and physical properties in Dark Chestnut soils of Trans-Volga dry steppes under 75- and 35-years of irrigation agriculture.
29. Fertility degradation in arable Chernozem and Chestnut soils in Volga steppes vs. their virgin analogues
30. Labile soil carbon as indicator of soil organic matter quality in Vojvodina province, Serbia.
31. Changes in key physical soil properties of postpyrogenic forest ecosystems: case study of catastrophic fires in Russian sub-boreal forest.
Part V: Soil Survey and Mapping of Degradation
32. Remote sensing sensors and recent techniques in Desertification and Land degradation mapping.
33. Mapping the Caspian sea´s north coast soils: transformation and degradation.
34. Soil acidification patterns due to long-term sulphur and nitrogen deposition and its effects on vegetation composition change in Eastern Serbia.
35. Urban soils of historic center of Saint Petersburg (Russia).
36. Agrosoils of the Saint-Petersburg city: anthropogenic evolution and current state.